The Republic of Bulgaria

Bulgaria earned its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1878, but having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, it fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multi-party election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime.

Since 1989, after over fifty years of single party system, Bulgaria had an unstable party system, dominated by the post-communist Bulgarian Socialist Party.

In February 2013, Bulgaria's National Assembly voted Thursday to accept the government's resignation. Prime Minister Boyko Borisov tendered his government's resignation after eight days of nationwide protests over high energy bills, which expanded into wider discontent over austerity and the way the country is being run. A Socialist-backed government took office after early elections in May, but protests and demands for the current governmnet to resign have continued.

General and Travel Information

Lonely Planet: Bulgaria

U.S. Department of State: Bulgaria

Government and Politics


Ministry of Education, Youth and Science

Human Rights

Amnesty International: Bulgaria

United Nations Human Rights: Bulgaria

U.S. Department of State: 2010 Human Rights Report: Bulgaria

Bulgarian Government 

Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria (English) 

The Government/ Council of Ministers

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria

President of the Republic of Bulgaria

The Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria

Permanent Mission of the Republic of Bulgaria to the United Nations

Directorate for Coordination of EU Affairs

Council of Ministers of the Republic of Bulgaria

The US Embassy in the Republic of Bulgaria

History and Culture 

Bulgarian Cuisine

Famous Bulgarians

Sofia Guide: Bulgarian National Holidays


America for Bulgaria Foundation

Tabitha-Bulgaria Foundation


Omniglot: Online Encyclopedia of Writing Systems and Languages: Bulgarian

Libraries and Museums

The National Museum of History in Sofia 

St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library


Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection: Bulgaria Maps


Bulgarian National Film Center

IMDB: Bulgarian Films


Country Studies: Bulgaria: Religion