Lake landscape in Lithuania

The independent country of Lithuania existed from 1918 to 1940, when it became a republic of the USSR. Occupied by Germany from 1941 to 1944, it reverted to Soviet rule after World War II and was known as the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic before achieving independence in 1991.

Lithuania is a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Lithuania is the head of government, and of a multi-party system.

Dalia Grybauskaitė is the President of Lithuania, inaugurated on 12 July 2009.

Parliamentary elections were held in Lithuania on 14 and 28 October 2012, alongside a referendum on the construction of a new power plant. All 141 seats in the Seimas were up for election, 71 of them were filled through a two round race, one from each constituency; the remaining 70, through proportional representation from the results of the first round.

The Lithuanian Social Democratic Party became the largest party in the Seimas and defeated the centre-right coalition of Andrius Kubilius. The Social Democrats announced to form a government coalition with the populist Labour Party and Order and Justice.

President Dalia Grybauskaitė, however, refuses to appoint a government with participation of the Labour Party due to allegations of electoral fraud.

General and Travel Information

BBC News Europe: Lithuania Profile

CIA World Factbook

European Union – Lithuania

Library of Congress Country Study: Lithuania

National Geographic travel information-Lithuania

Official Gateway of Lithuania

Vilnius Tourist Information Centre

Government and Politics

Lithuanian Government

Constiution of the Republic of Lithuania

Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania, Wash. D.C.

Government of the Republic of Lithuania

President of the Republic of Lithuania

Seimas (Parliament) of the Republic of Lithuania

Permanent Mission of the Republic of Lithuania to the United Nations in New York

History and Culture


Traditional Foods of Lithuania

Famous people born in Lithuania

Famous People of Lithuania


Lithuanian Foundation

Libraries and Museums

Museums of Lithuania

National Library of of Lithuania

National Museum of Lithuania


Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection: Lithuania


IMDB: Lithuanian Films of 2000-2011


True Lithuania: Religions in Lithuania--an Introduction