Moldovan countryside with a river

Moldova is a small land-locked country in Eastern Europe, north of the Balkans, surrounded by Romania to the southwest, across the Prut river, and Ukraine to the northeast. The capital of Moldova is Chişinău. The local language is Romanian, based on the Latin alphabet, but Russian is widely used. The major religion in Moldova is Orthodox Christian.

Formerly part of Romania, Moldova was forcefully incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Dniester River supporting the Slavic population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic.

Moldova is a multiethnic republic that has suffered from violent ethnic conflict. In 1994, this conflict led to the creation of the self-proclaimed Transnistria Republic in eastern Moldova, which has its own government and currency but is not recognized by any other country. Economic links have been re-established between these two parts of Moldova despite failure in political negotiations.

The poorest nation in Europe, Moldova became the first European (former Soviet) state to elect a communist government and president in 2001. In 2011, the current balance of communists in the Moldovan legislature is 40%. It teeters on returning to communist government but a democratic coalition retains control.

Moldova's population is occupied mainly in food production and processing. Once known as "the garden" of the Soviet Union, Moldova has now lost most of its traditional Russian markets for agricultural products and is exploring new international markets.


National Academy of Science of Moldova

Universities in Moldova

Government and Politics

CIA World Factbook: Moldova

Library of Congress Country Study: Moldova

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration

The Moldovan Embassy in the USA

The Moldovan Government

Republic of Moldova Official Website

U.S. Department of State: US Relations with Moldova

The U.S. Embassy in Chisinau, Moldova

Human Rights

Stop Violence Against Women--A Project of the Advocates for Human Rights: Violence Against Women in Moldova

SIGI-Social Institutions and Gender Index: Moldova

History and Culture

Moldovenii--art and culture of Moldova (in English and Romanian)

National Museum of History

Trip to Moldova: Home Sweet Home–5 Famous People’s Homes Turned Museums