Historic structural landmark in Russia

Russia, officially known as the Russian Federation, sprawls across eastern Europe and northern Asia. Four-fifths of the people live in the European part of Russia, west of the Ural Mountains.

In the 14th and 15th centuries a powerful Russian state began to grow around Moscow. Russia emerged as a great world power during the reign of Peter the Great, who built Saint Petersburg as Russia’s new “window on the West” and moved the seat of government there in 1712. Moscow regained its capital status after the Russian Revolution of 1917, when militant socialists called Bolsheviks overthrew the Russian monarchy.

In 1922 they founded the world’s first communist state, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR, or Soviet Union). After the Soviet Union broke apart in 1991, Russia began transforming itself into a more democratic society with an economy based on market mechanisms and principles. For many Russians the transformation brought a severe decline in standard of living. At the same time, Russia became more integrated with the global economy and benefited from improved relations with the countries of the European Union as well as its neighbors in Asia.

General websites about Russia

Embassy of the Russian Federation in Washington, D.C./

U.S. State Department

From the Library of Congress

Art and Museums

Russian Painting from Rollins College

State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg

Educational System

Education System in Russia

Government and Politics

The Constitution of the Russian Federation

The St. Petersburg (Russia) Times (English)

Russian Internet Radio

The Rise and Fall of the Russian Oligarchs Part 1

The Rise and Fall of the Russian Oligarchs Part 2

The Rise and Fall of the Russian Oligarchs Part 3

History of Russia

The Face of Russia, the PBS documentary series

Kennan Institute-National Public Radio Russian History Audio Archive

The history of the Russian Navy

Language and Literature

Yasnaya Poliana Leo Tolstoy's birthplace

Maps of Russia

From the Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection at the University of Texas at Austin


Mariinski Theater

Russian National Orchestra

Live radio and video

Holidays and Festivals

News and Politics

Russian Television Interviews by Vladimir Pozner (in Russian)

ITAR-TASS, Russia's main news source

Izvestia, Russia's nation-wide newspaper (Russian only

The Moscow Times (English)

Pravda Online (English)

The Russia News Service


A collection of historical photos