Ancient city in Uzbekistan

For thousands of years the present area of Uzbekistan was a part of the Persian Empire. However, in the 19th century, the Russian Empire began to expand, and spread into Central Asia. Following the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 a second less intensive phase followed. By the beginning of the 19th century, Central Asia was firmly in the hands of Russia and despite some early resistance to Bolsheviks, Uzbekistan and the rest of Central Asia became a part of the Soviet Union.

Following independence in December 1991, the government sought to prop up its Soviet-style economy with subsidies and tight controls on production and prices. Faced with high rates of inflation, however, the government began introducing tighter monetary policies, expanding privatization, slightly reducing the role of the state in the economy, and improving the environment for foreign investors. The state continues to be a dominating influence in the economy, and reforms have so far failed to bring about structural changes.

The Official Government Site of Uzbekistan

Embassy of Uzbekistan to the United States

Library of Congress Country Studies: Uzbekistan

United States Embassy in Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Human Rights Watch: Uzbekistan

Maps of Uzbekistan