Health/Physical Activity

19 publications found.

Driving status and religious service attendance among older Americans

06/03/2019

This study investigated the relationship between driving status and religious service attendance among older Americans and how the perceived importance of religion influences the relationship.

  • Caregiving/Families
  • Demographics
  • Health/Physical Activity
  • Mental Health
  • Religion/Spirituality
  • Transportation

Building on the past, securing the future: Area agencies on aging and Older Americans Act reauthorization

05/04/2019

The upcoming reauthorization of the Older Americans Act (OAA) is an opportunity to acknowledge the expanding priorities for that landmark legislation, along with the forward motion of Area Agencies on Aging (AAAs) in their communities. Previous reauthorizations have done just that, simultaneously establishing new priorities, building on the evolution of AAA roles, and setting the stage for continued growth and impact. Seeking to provide research to inform the complex and multilayered political...

  • Aging Network
  • Health/Physical Activity
  • Home and Community Based Services

Association of health related quality of life domains with daytime sleepiness among elderly recipients of long-term services and supports

03/07/2019

Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is prevalent in older adults; however, data are lacking that examine EDS across living environments. The aims of this secondary data analysis were to identify the prevalence and predictors of EDS among older adults receiving long-term services and supports (LTSS) in assisted living communities (ALCs), nursing homes (NHs), and the community.

  • Health/Physical Activity
  • Home and Community Based Services
  • Long-Term Care Facilities
  • Long-Term Care - Other
  • Mental Health

Problem solving in technology rich environments and self-rated health among adults in the U.S.: An analysis of the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies

02/14/2019

Problem-solving skills in the context of technologically complex modern societies have become increasingly important to health management in later life. Using data from the 2012/2014 Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), this study was designed to investigate the associations between problem-solving skills in technology-rich environments (PSTRE) and health, and to explore whether age differences exist.

  • Health/Physical Activity
  • Workforce Issues

Assessing participant satisfaction and the impact of senior centers in rural Northwestern Ohio counties

01/04/2019

This study assessed satisfaction among current senior center users in the Northwestern Ohio area and measured the impact that centers have on the lives of participants. Specifically, it assessed satisfaction with four services (congregate meals, recreation, transportation, and supportive services). This study also attempted to capture some of the ways in which the centers impact their users (e.g., more social contact, better physical health, less concern, and worry).

  • Aging Network
  • Health/Physical Activity
  • Home and Community Based Services

Mistrust in physicians does not explain black-white disparities in primary care and emergency department utilization: The importance of socialization during the Jim Crow era

12/15/2018

Compared to whites, blacks under-utilize primary care and over-utilize emergency department services. This study examines whether mistrust in physicians explains these black-white disparities, and the potentially modifying influence of socialization under racially segregated health care (i.e., raised in the U.S. South during the Jim Crow era).

  • Health/Physical Activity

Functional status and adaptation: Measuring activities of daily living and device use in the national health and aging trends study

08/15/2018

This study compared Dr. Sidney Katz's original dichotomous measure of dependence in performing activities of daily living (ADL) with the National Health and Aging Trends Study's (NHATS) broader spectrum of functional status, demonstrating that many community-dwelling older adults can adapt to functional impairment rather than requiring assistance from another person in completing ADL.

  • Health/Physical Activity
  • Home and Community Based Services
  • Long-Term Care - Other
  • Products/Design/Planning for an Aging Society

Fundamental causes in illness and health behavior: A cross-national comparison of young adults in the US and Nepal

02/23/2018

This study compares the relationship between stress from the death of a parent and two indicators of well-being, substance use and mental health, in the United States and Nepal including differences between urban and rural contexts.

  • Global Aging
  • Health/Physical Activity
  • Mental Health
  • Psychology of Aging

Participant Satisfaction and the Impact of Senior Center Services in Lucas County, Ohio

12/01/2017

This study addressed satisfaction with services and impact of senior centers among center participants in Lucas County, Ohio.

  • Aging Network
  • Health/Physical Activity
  • Home and Community Based Services

NACCHO's baseline assessment of disability inclusion within local health departments

09/26/2016

People with disabilities can greatly benefit from inclusive health promotion and educational activities already being implemented by local health departments (LHDs), which can help reduce their risk and minimize the severity of secondary conditions. The inclusiveness of programs and services offered by LHDs has yet to be studied; therefore, the National Association of County & City Health Officials (NACCHO) decided to conduct a baseline assessment to better understand LHD administrators’...

  • Aging and Developmental Disabilities
  • Education
  • Health/Physical Activity
  • Legal/ Advocacy

Healthy Aging in the Context of Educational Disadvantage: The Role of "Ordinary Magic"

07/20/2016

The objective of this study is to examine the correlates of healthy aging in the context of educational disadvantage and the extent to which identified correlates are shared with the wider, more educationally advantaged population. Among educationally disadvantaged adults, demographic characteristics (e.g., age), health practices (e.g., physical activity), and the presence of health conditions were independently correlated with healthy aging. With few exceptions, correlates of healthy aging were...

  • Demographics
  • Education
  • Health/Physical Activity

Gender differences in trajectories of physical activity among older Americans with diabetes

07/17/2015

The primary objective of this study was to examine gender differences in engagement in physical activity over time among older U.S. adults with diabetes. Using data from the Health and Retirement Study, we investigated physical activity between 2004 and 2010 among 1,857 adults aged 65 years and above with diabetes. The women in this cohort of older Americans started and remained less active than their male counterparts. Investigations covering a larger portion of the life course and those...

  • Chronic Illness/ Disability
  • Demographics
  • Health/Physical Activity

Quantitative Physical Activity of Children and Adolescents in a Rural Population from Eastern Nepal

07/16/2015

We evaluated physical activity of children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years from the Jirel population of eastern Nepal. 399 Participants wore an Actical omnidirectional accelerometer for one week as part of their annual visit to the Jiri Growth Study. Children are more active on non-school days and adolescents are more active during the school week. Jirel children do not exhibit the reduction in physical activity that most Western populations experience during the transition from childhood to...

  • Demographics
  • Global Aging
  • Health/Physical Activity

Axial Quantitative Ultrasound Assessment of Pediatric Bone Quality in Eastern Nepal

04/11/2015

This study presents quantitative ultrasonography (QUS) bone quality data for an underrepresented, south Asian pediatric population from Nepal. Data were collected as part of a longitudinal study of growth and development. This study offers normative data and documents the effect of stunting, wasting, and underweight on the bone properties measured by QUS.Osteoporosis International, 26(9), 2319–2328. doi:10.1007/s00198-015-3115-0Publication available online, subscription may be required.

  • Global Aging
  • Health/Physical Activity

Initial exploration of newly implemented public health policy using Geographic Information Systems: the case of a U.S. Silver Alert program

12/01/2014

Public health policies are designed for specific subsets of the population. We assert that utilization patterns can be effectively assessed using geographic information systems (GIS). This paper uses the Silver Alert program, a recently implemented public health policy, as a case for how and why GIS can be used to examine utilization patterns. Design. The paper uses visualized data and spatial statistics to assess utilization patterns and mission adherence. Results show disproportionate...

  • Case Studies/ Qualitative Research
  • Health/Physical Activity
  • Legal/ Advocacy

Does cohort matter in the association between education, health literacy and health in the USA?

11/06/2013

Growing empirical evidence supports the generally positive relationship between education, health literacy and health outcomes. However, little is known about cohort in this relationship. This study examined the role of cohort defined by 10-year age period in the association between educational attainment, health literacy and self-rated health. The data were obtained from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy survey restricted file. Focusing on nationally representative...

  • Education
  • Health/Physical Activity

The association of diabetes complications with physical activity in a representative sample of older adults in the United States

05/23/2013

Most adults with diabetes do not engage in the level of physical activity recommended for optimal disease management. Diabetes complications are not generally considered a clinical contraindication to exercise. No prior national studies have examined the associations of these complications with physical activity. Multiple logistic regression was used to examine the association between diabetes complications and the odds of meeting physical activity guidelines…A borderline significant...

  • Chronic Illness/ Disability
  • Health/Physical Activity

Situating stress: Lessons from lay discourses on diabetes

03/09/2005

In response to the serious toll diabetes takes on health and resources, researchers increasingly are examining physical and psychological pathways that affect and are affected by diabetes, including stress.

  • Health/Physical Activity

Preventing Osteoporosis

07/01/2004

This brochure provides a comprehensive set of information about preventing osteoporosis and its complications. It is easy to read, up-to-date and offers contact information for additional resources. It would be useful to health and long-term care professionals who educate older adults about osteoporosis.This research was funded as part of a grant from the Ohio General Assembly, through the Ohio Board of Regents to the Ohio Long-Term Care Research Project.Print directions: The pages of this...

  • Health/Physical Activity