Roman Rowers

Description of Courses

CLS 101 Greek Civilization in its Mediterranean Context (3) MPF, MPT

Exploration of ancient Greek civilization, from pre-Homeric to Hellenistic times, presented within a broad framework of cultures with which Greece interacted in the Mediterranean basin. Various aspects of Greek civilization are highlighted including history, politics, economics, society, art, science, philosophy, and literature. IIB, H, CAS-B.

CLS 102 Roman Civilization (3) MPF, MPT

Exploration of the legacy of ancient Roman civilization from its legendary beginning through the Republic to the Empire at its greatest extent. Various aspects of Roman civilization highlight the Roman experience including history, literature, philosophy, political and social institutions, religion, art, and the unique ability of Rome to assimilate Greek and other cultures. IIB, H. CAS.

CLS 121 Introduction to Classical Mythology (3) MPF, MPT

Introduction to Greek mythology. Presentation, explanation, and interpretation of myths within representations of mythology, as well as comparative study of non-Greco-Roman myth. IIB, H. CAS-B.

CLS 210 Topics in Classics (1-3; maximum 12)

Examination of an author, work, topic, or new critical perspective on classical civilization not usually given substantial treatment in regular course offerings. May be repeated three times if topic changes.

CLS 210L Ancient Religions (3)

Explores the nature of religious practices and beliefs in ancient Greek and Roman societies, how ancient peoples communicated with their gods through sacrifice, prayers, and festivals, and how they believed their gods communicated with them by means of oracles and omens. Students will develop an understanding of topics like divine justice, rites of passage, beliefs and customs associated with death and the afterlife. Though these investigations, students will deepen their knowledge of the ancient cultures while interrogating the concept of religion itself.

CLS 210S Roman Spectacle (3)

Examines the great spectacle entertainments around which much of Roman society was organized and that filled the public areas of the city: gladiators, chariot races, animal hunts, triumphs, and martyrdoms. Students will explore their types, forms and meanings and engage questions of cultural values, identity and projection of power in a world where death was the common motif in popular entertainment.

CLS 210U Ancient Sexualities (3)

Examines the sex lives and theories of sexuality of ancient Greece and Rome. Through a close reading of ancient Greek and Roman texts and images, together with contemporary interpretive readings, students will reach not only a fuller understanding of some central features of the cultures of Greece and Rome, but also, by holding up the mirror of antiquity to our own beliefs and practices, to arrive at a more critical consideration of how we think about sex and gender today.

CLS 211 Greek and Roman Epic (3) MPT

Study of the epic as genre including examination of conventions and techniques of oral and written epic, a discussion of the kind of society which produces such a work, and a study of the epic hero. Works of Homer and Vergil will be read supplemented by readings from other ancient and post-classical authors. CAS-B.

CLS 212 Greek and Roman Tragedy (3) MPT

Study of the origin and development of Greek drama will highlight unique aspects of its fifth century form and dramatic presentation while exploring the reasons for perennial relevance of the extant plays. Selected dramas by Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides supplemented with some comparative material from Roman and post-classical drama. CAS-B.

CLS 213 Greek and Roman Comedy (3) MPT

Examination of the origin and development of comedy, the particularities of ancient dramatic presentation, and the changing role of comedy in ancient society. Readings from plays of Aristophanes, Menander, Plautus, and Terence supplemented by some comparative material from postclassical drama. CAS-B.

CLS 215 Greek and Roman Historians (3) MPT

Introduces students to the works of ancient historians, including Herodotus, Thucydides, Livy and Tacitus. Reading the original historians of Greece and Rome as opposed to modern histories will allow students to engage ancient notions of history, historical writing, and the literary efforts that created the histories; students will learn to read history critically, aware of the perspectives and political and social context of the historian and the effect those have on the final work. CAS-B.

CLS 216 Roman Cities (3)

A visually-oriented course examines four ancient cities, Rome, Ostia, Herculaneum, and Pompeii. Intends to recreate, as much as possible, the experience of actually visiting these cities in order to determine what the physical plant of Roman cities reveals about the civilization of the Romans.

CLS 218 Greek and Roman Erotic Poetry (3) MPT

Aims at fostering an understanding of how Greco-Roman poetic forms shaped societal values and visions, especially notions of eroticism and sexuality as they are expressed in ancient poetry. The Greeks developed numerous literary lyric genres, which influenced and even conditioned most of the Western poetic discourse and preceded the ideas of Romanticism. The Romans added to all the Greek genres love elegy and satire, the only genres not inherited from the Greeks, and equally influential for the future generations. Examines a variety of forms and poetic expressions in ancient lyric poetry. The course also aims at understanding the process by which we read different literary genres.

CLS 222 Race and Ethnicity in Antiquity (3) MPT

Relies on a variety of primary evidence to study how the Greeks and Romans defined race and ethnicity and how they defined themselves as individual peoples when they confronted cultures and peoples distinctly different from themselves. Examination of the relationship between current theories of race and ethnicity and the theories and practices of the Greeks and Romans. Cross Listed with BWS 222.

CLS 235 Women in Antiquity (3) MPT

Study of the status of women in the Greek and Roman world from Bronze age through early centuries of Christianity conducted in light of literary, artistic, and archaeological evidence in order to increase knowledge and understanding of Greek and Roman family and social life and of our own society as well. Cross-listed with WGS 235.

CLS 244 Introduction to Egyptian Art and Archaeology (3) MPT

Introduces students to the art and archaeology of Pharoanic Egypt, including many of the most important monuments: funerary architecture, temples, sculpture, wall paintings, tomb furnishings, and other arts. The course also establishes an outline of Egyptian history and geography, with an emphasis on Egypt and its place in the larger worlds of Africa and the Mediterranean.

CLS 303 Introduction to Linguistics (4) MPF

Scope of linguistics: fundamental concepts and methods of linguistic science in its descriptive and historical aspects. Cross-listed with ATH and GER 309; ENG and SPN 303. V. CAS-E.

CLS 310 Advanced Topics in Classics (1-3; maximum 6)

Examination of an author, work, topic, or new critical perspective on classical civilization not usually given substantial treatment in regular course offerings. May be repeated once if topic changes.

CLS 310E Conflict in Greco-Roman Egypt (3) MPT

Explores life in ancient Egypt as it experienced first Greek, then Roman, domination. Considers themes ranging from the role of the imperial court to the social differences that structured life and the colonial administration of Egypt, including gender, ethnicity, economic status, literacy, and religious identity. Also highlights the shifting role of the new capital, Alexandria. Cross-listed with BWS 380I.

CLS 310I Ancient Imperialism (3) MPT

Exploration of the range of ancient Mediterranean empires from the earliest Mesopotamian empires through the fall of the Roman Empire. Critical examination of the various accounts modern anthropologists, historians, and political scientists offer to explain the causes of their rise and fall, along with the defenses offered by imperialists and the grounds for opposition from those who resisted. Exploration of various distinctions offered between ancient and modern forms of imperialism.

CLS 317 Greek and Roman Philosophical Writers (3) MPT

An examination of the philosophy, personalities, and backgrounds of the principal philosophers. Discussions of problems of being and becoming, monism and pluralism, knowledge, value and society. Readings from the pre- Socratics, Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Lucretius, Seneca, and Boethius. Offered infrequently. CAS-B.

CLS 321 Justice and the Law in Antiquity (3) MPT

History and development of constitutional and civil law in antiquity with special emphasis on Roman law. Examines ancient jurisprudence and development of the concept of justice. Some comparisons made between ancient and modern legal systems.

CLS 323 Great Discoveries of Archaeology (3)

Introductory survey of monumental discoveries (ancient and modern) that have changed and influenced the course of history, intellectual thought, and artistic taste and enlarged and transformed our knowledge of the ancient world. Specific discoveries from selected archaeological sites direct the focus of the course: e.g. Egypt, Troy, Crete, Athena, Delphi, Pompeii, Herculaneum, Rome.

CLS 325 Russian Reception of Classical Culture (3)

Examines a variety of forms and poetic expressions in both modern (Russian) and ancient poetry. Introduces students to the way in which Russian literature and especially poetry responded to Greco-Roman antiquity. Analyzes how the study of classical antiquity, with its rich mythological tradition and history, represented to the Russian literary elite a window into the West and an opportunity to establish a Russian literary heritage within Western literary canon. All readings in English translation. Cross-listed with ENG/RUS.

CLS 331 From Epic to Romance (3) MPT

Critical survey of novelistic narrative literature in the ancient world, focusing on the so-called ancient novels or ancient romances written in the late hellenistic and imperial period. Begins with the epic ancestors of these works and goes on to modern versions of romance in print and film. CAS-B.

CLS 332 Classical Mythology and the Arts (3)

Designed to explore the role of arts in the classical world in transmitting the narratives and values inherent in Greek and Roman myths. Will consist of case studies in the use of myth from public and private spheres: the Parthenon sculptures, Herakles and Athenian tyrants of the 6th century, the Niobids, Danaids and Augustan Rome, the reliefs from the Roman amphitheater at Capua, etc. Major topics will be subject selection, composition, context and narrative moment.

CLS 333 The Greeks in the Near East and Central Asia (3)

Studies the impact and the character of intercultural exchange between the Greeks and their eastern neighbors, from Anatolia to Central Asia, paying special attention to the representations of those neighbors in literature. Looks at examples of "orientalist" discourse in epic, tragedy, history, geography, poetry, and the novel, providing an opportunity to reflect on contemporary east/west conflicts.

CLS 334 Egypt: Greco-Roman History and Fiction (3) MPT

Studies Greek and Roman literary texts that represent Egypt: its geography, its customs, its history and its religion, investigating how representations of the Other function to confirm or construct one's own identity, and how those constructions function in various types of literary discourse. Studies numerous genres of writing from antiquity (history, philosophy, drama, poetry, epic, Roman satire, and the novel) to explore the way representations come to substitute for reality, and the consequences of such substitutions.

CLS 361 Antiquity Through a Lens (3)

Introduces students to filmic projections of classical myths and historical crises. Heightens students' awareness of the ways films construct our images of classical antiquity in the service of contemporary ideological agendas. Cross-listed with FST.

CLS 401 The Age of Pericles (3) MPC

Comprehensive study of Athenian civilization from 480 to 429 BC. This is neither a history nor a literature course, but a search for global understanding; attempts to look at a complex period from a variety of angles (political, social, literary, artistic, intellectual) and to find a basis for relating its specific subject matter to other bodies of knowledge and other modes of inquiry. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

CLS 402 The Age of Augustus (3) MPC

Comprehensive study of Roman civilization from 63 BC to AD 14, a period that is perhaps the most significant and exciting era in Roman civilization, the culmination of seven centuries of Roman growth and expansion and the prediction of the five centuries of Rome’s future. Focus is the concept of leadership in a Roman society that was being transformed from a republic to an empire. Emphasis is not only on the ways in which a leader shapes a society but also on the ways in which a leader is shaped by a many-faceted society. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

CLS 480 Independent Reading for Departmental Honors (3)

Individually arranged program of study concentrating on a particular author, major work, or significant aspect of ancient culture and society, normally culminating in a substantial research essay and comprehensive examination. Prerequisite: superior performance in course work within department as well as good general academic standing.

CLS 630 Studies in Classical Humanities (1-4; maximum 12)

Directed study in special areas and disciplines which overlap with classics. Prerequisite: graduate standing and permission of department chair and instructor required.


GRK 101 Beginning Greek (4)

Essentials of ancient Greek including basic principles of grammar, acquisition of basic vocabulary, and practice in reading and writing.

GRK 102 Beginning Greek  (4)

Continuation of GRK 101 culminating in readings selected from Homer, Plato, Xenophon, or Greek New Testament. Prerequisite: completion of GRK 101 or equivalent.

GRK 201 Homer (3)

Introduction to the language, historical background, and artistic riches of Homer. Selected readings from Iliad or Odyssey. Prerequisite: GRK 101, 102. CAS-B-LIT.

GRK 202 Plato (3)

Introduction to Greek prose based on reading selections from Plato. Emphasis on reading comprehension and critical assessment of text. Prerequisite: GRK 201. CAS-B-LIT or CAS-A (not both).

GRK 301 Advanced Readings in Representative Authors (3)

Close study of readings in history, tragedy, philosophy, or epic. Course will meet with GRK 201, but students registered under GRK 301 will be assigned additional work appropriate for their more advanced standing. Prerequisite: GRK 202. CAS-B-LIT.

GRK 302 Advanced Readings in Representative Authors (3)

Close study of readings in history, tragedy, philosophy, or epic. Course will meet with GRK 202, but students registered under GRK 302 will be assigned additional work appropriate for their more advanced standing. Prerequisite: GRK 202. CAS-B-LIT.

GRK 310 Special Topics in Greek Literature (3; maximum 12)

Study of selected authors or special topics in Greek literature. May be repeated when content changes. Prerequisite: GRK 202. CAS-B-LIT. Offered infrequently.

GRK 410 Special Topics in Greek Literature (3; maximum 12)

Study of selected authors or special topics in Greek literature. May be repeated when content changes. Prerequisite: GRK 202. CAS-B-LIT.

GRK 480 Independent Reading for Department Honors (3)

Reading centered upon a major topic of Greek literature and thought, normally culminating in an independent essay. Prerequisite: advanced level ability usually requiring completion of course offerings or equivalents, GRK 101 through at least one semester at 400 level.

GRK 630 Graduate Work in the Greek Language (1-4; maximum 12)

Graduate standing and permission of department chair and instructor required.


LAT 101 Beginning Latin (4)

Essentials of Latin language including basic principles of grammar, acquisition of a basic vocabulary, and practice in reading and writing.

LAT 102 Beginning Latin (4)

Continuation of LAT 101 culminating in readings selected from appropriate Latin authors. Prerequisite: completion of LAT 101 or equivalent.

LAT 121 Review Latin (4)

Intensive review of basic Latin grammar with practice in reading and translation. The reading in the course prepares students for Latin 202. Recommended for those whose previous preparation is insufficient. Prerequisite: at least two years of high school Latin or equivalent. Full credit toward graduation will not be awarded for LAT 121 if student earned credit in LAT 101, 102, and/or 201.

LAT 201 Representative Latin Authors (3)

Review of essentials of Latin grammar with immediate emphasis on reading. Readings selected from major figures in Latin poetry. Prerequisite: LAT 102 or two years of high school Latin.

LAT 202 Representative Latin Authors (3)

Reading and analysis of selections from such authors as Vergil and Cicero. Prerequisite: LAT 121 or 201 or three years of high school Latin. CAS-B-LIT or CAS-A (not both).

LAT 310 Special Topics in Latin Literature (3; maximum 12)

Study of selected authors or special topics in Latin literature. May be repeated when content changes. Prerequisite: LAT 202. CAS-B-LIT. Recent offerings included:

LAT 310A: Latin Epigraphy
LAT 310T: Roman Comedy

LAT 404 Medieval Latin (3)

Christian Latin literature from the fall of Rome to Renaissance. History, anecdote, drama, argument, lyric, pastoral, and satire verse. Special attention to the nature of medieval Latin and its relation to romance languages. Prerequisite: LAT 202. CAS-B-LIT. Offered infrequently.

LAT 410 Latin Seminar (3; maximum 12)

Intensive reading of a selected author or in a specific topic. Advanced reading level and comprehension are assumed. Individual research and reports required. Specific study of current scholarship. Prerequisite: one semester of Latin at 300 level or permission of instructor. CAS-B-LIT. Recent offerings included:

LAT 410C: Roman Novel
LAT 410S: Hannibal, Cleopatra and Others

LAT 480 Independent Reading for Departmental Honors (3)

Reading centered upon a major topic of Roman literature and thought, normally culminating in an independent essay. Prerequisite: normally completion of LAT 201 through at least one semester at 400 level.

LAT 630 Graduate Work in the Latin Language (1-4; maximum 12)

Graduate standing and permission of department chair and instructor required