Stanley Toops

Associate Professor of Geography/International Studies
Miami University
110 Shideler Hall
Oxford, Ohio 45056
(513) 529-5558


  • BA 1979, Drake University
  • MA 1983, University of Washington, Seattle
  • Ph.D. 1990, University of Washington


My research interests are in the international aspects of development, culture, ethnicity, and tourism.

I have been researching China through fieldwork for over twenty years. My research in geography and international studies has focused on the Central Asian portion of China, the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Much of my research has focused on the interplay of culture and development. My current research agenda examines 1) the development and demography of Xinjiang with that of the Central Asian countries, and 2) tourism development in Central Asia. I have led study groups numerous times to China and Central Asia. I have traveled extensively on the Silk Road: China, Mongolia, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkey.

In my research, I have published articles on tourism, population, trade, handicrafts, landscapes, politics and ecological issues in Xinjiang, as well as tourism, society, and development aspects of China’s geography. My experience in interviews, fieldwork and qualitative research methods, fluency in Chinese and knowledge of Uyghur, has served me well in past research in Central Asia.


  • GEO 111: World Regional Geography
  • GEO 208: Rise of Industrialism in East Asia
  • GEO 211: Global Change
  • GEO 308: Geography of East Asia
  • GEO 408: Geography of the Silk Road
  • GEO 602 History of Geographic Thought
  • ITS 201: Introduction to International Studies
  • ITS 302: Problems of Non-Western Societies
  • ITS 402: Senior Capstone in International Studies

Selected Publications

  • International Studies: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Global Issues by Sheldon Anderson, Mark Peterson, Stanley Toops and Jeanne A.K. Hey, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2015, 3rd edition.
  • "Where Inner Asia meets Outer China: The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region" in Eurasian Corridors of Interconnection. S. Walcott and C. Johnson, eds. 49-71. New York, NY: Routledge, 2014.
  • Jerry Green, Mary Henry, Liza Skryzhevska, and Stanley Toops, 2013. "The Course Syllabus as a Guide to Map Interpretation Instruction" Rsearch in Geographic Education, 14, 42-54.
  • The Routledge Atlas of Central Eurasian Affairs by Stanley Brunn, Stanley Toops, Richard Gilbreath. London: Routledge, 2012.
  • “China: A Geographic Preface” in Understanding Contemporary China by Stanley Toops. Richard E. Gamer, ed. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2012, 4th edition.
  • International Studies: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Global Issues by Sheldon Anderson, Jeanne A.K. Hey, Mark Peterson, and Stanley Toops. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2012, 2nd edition.
  • “Demographics and Development in Xinjiang after 1949″ in East-West Center Washington Working Papers, Washington DC, No. 1, May 2004.
  • “The Ecology of Xinjiang: A Focus on Water” and “The Demography of Xinjiang” in Xinjiang: China’s Muslim Frontier, F. Starr, ed. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2004.
  • “Xinjiang (Eastern Turkistan): Names, Regions, Landscapes, Future(s).” In Changing China Chiao-min Hsieh, (editor). Boulder: Westview Press, 2003, 411-421.
  • “The Population Landscape of Xinjiang/East Turkestan” in Inner Asia 2(2) 2000, 155-171.
  • “Tourism and Turpan: The Power of Place in Inner Asia/Outer China.” Central Asian Survey, 18(3) 1999, 303-318.
  • “Tourism in Xinjiang: Practice and Place.” In Tourism in China. Alan Lew and Lawrence Yu, eds. Boulder: Westview Press, 1995, 179-202.
  • “Xinjiang’s Handicraft Industry.” Annals of Tourism Research, 20 (1) 1993, 88-106.
  • “Tourism in China: The Impact of June 4, 1989.”  Focus, 42 (1) 1992,  2-7.
  • “Recent Uygur Leaders of Xinjiang.”  Central Asian Survey, 11 (2) 1992, 77-99.
  • “Tourism in Xinjiang, China.”  Journal of Cultural Geography12 (2) 1992, 19-34.