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General Bulletin 2008-2010

Programs of Study

The College of Arts and Science

Minors

In addition to majors, the College of Arts and Science offers minors. A minor is a specific program to be taken along with a major to complement your skills and increase your career opportunities. Taking a minor is optional.

A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor. Additional requirements and qualifications are included in the Other Requirements chapter. Students may use a minor to satisfy the Thematic Sequence requirement only if the minor is outside the department of major. Some programs offer certificates to students who successfully complete the program.

The required semester hours are in parentheses beside each minor.

Actuarial Science (28 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Mathematics and Statistics, 123 Bachelor (513-529-5818).

This minor is designed for students who are preparing for a possible career as an actuary. The extensive prerequisites for the minor reflect the fact that most students in this program will have a major in mathematics and statistics. Courses in the minor may also be used to satisfy requirements of a major.

All courses in this minor must be taken for a grade, not credit/no-credit.

This minor does not satisfy the Thematic Sequence requirement of the Miami Plan for students majoring in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics.

Program Requirements

Prerequisites:
Calculus, Multivariable Calculus, Linear Algebra. and Introductory Statistics
All of these:
ACC 221 Introduction to Financial Accounting (3)
ACC 222 Introduction to Managerial Accounting (3)
ECO 201 Principles of Microeconomics (3)
ECO 202 Principles of Macroeconomics (3)
FIN 301 Introduction to Business Finance (3)
FIN 302 Intermediate Financial Management (3)
STA 401 Probability (3)
STA 463 Regression Analysis (4)
STA 483 Analysis of Forecasting Systems (3)

Students are encouraged to select MTH 447 Mathematical Finance as an elective course that will enhance this program

Students in the Bachelor of Arts in Mathematics and Statistics may count at most two courses from STA 401, 463, or 483 toward the requirements of the major.

Aerospace Studies (19 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Mathematics and Statistics, 123 Bachelor (513-529-5818).

This minor is designed for students who are preparing for a possible career as an actuary. The extensive prerequisites for the minor reflect the fact that most students in this program will have a major in mathematics and statistics. Courses in the minor may also be used to satisfy requirements of a major.

All courses in this minor must be taken for a grade, not credit/no-credit.

This minor satisfies the Thematic Sequence requirement of the Miami Plan for students majoring in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics.

Program Requirements

Prerequisites:

Calculus, Multivariable Calculus, Linear Algebra. and Introductory Statistics
All of these:
ACC 221 Introduction to Financial Accounting (3)
ACC 222 Introduction to Managerial Accounting (3)
ECO 201 Principles of Microeconomics (3)
ECO 202 Principles of Macroeconomics (3)
FIN 301 Introduction to Business Finance (3)
FIN 302 Intermediate Financial Management (3)
STA 401 Probability (3)
STA 463 Regression Analysis (4)
STA 483 Analysis of Forecasting Systems (3)

Students are encouraged to select MTH 447 Mathematical Finance as an elective course that will enhance this program

Students in the Bachelor of Arts in Mathematics and Statistics may count at most two courses from STA 401, 463, or 483 toward the requirements of the major.

American Literature (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of English, 356 Bachelor Hall (513-529-5221).

This minor offers students not majoring in English a chance to use elective hours to satisfy a personal interest, strengthen their degree, or enhance their career opportunities.

When you begin this minor, you must register with the chief departmental adviser for English and continue to check your progress with the adviser at least once a year until you complete this minor. Courses taken credit/no-credit will not count toward the 18 semester hours required for this minor. A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor.

Program Requirements

Six semester hours of introduction to American literature ( ENG 141, 142, 143).

Three semester hours of theme or genre study in American literature from: ENG 232, 246, 248, 254, 271, 282, 283, 336, 337, 338, and 348.

Three semester hours of period study in American literature from: ENG 349, 352, 353, 354, and 355.

Six additional hours of advanced study from theme, genre, and period courses listed above. At least one of the advanced courses chosen for these last three categories must emphasize literature written before World War I: ENG 337, 349, 352, or 353.

American Studies (22 semester hours)

For information contact the director of the American Studies Program (513-529-5333).

This minor offers students an introduction to diverse aspects of American life, past and present, through courses specifically in American Studies and a wide range of American topics offered by departments such as anthropology, art, architecture and interior design, comparative religion, English, history, and political science.

Program Requirements

All of these: AMS 205 (3), 206 (3), and 401 (4)

Three semester hours from a list of special topics courses (AMS 310X).

With the program director, choose 9 additional semester hours from AMS courses cross-listed with other departments.

Anthropology (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Anthropology, 164 Upham Hall (513-529-8399).

This minor combines well with many different majors and is designed for students who wish to add a cross-cultural dimension to their education. It is especially appropriate for those who are planning professional careers in areas such as international studies and foreign service, international business, medicine, dentistry and other health fields, and education.

Students planning to take this minor should inform the chief departmental adviser and formally declare this minor. A minimum g.p.a. of 2.00 is required for all courses in the minor. These courses must be taken for a grade, not credit/no-credit. This minor is not open to an anthropology major.

Program Requirements

This one:
ATH 155 Introduction to Anthropology (4)

Two of these:
ATH 212 Introduction to Archaeological Theory and Methods (3)
ATH 231 Perspectives on Culture (3)
ATH 255 Foundations of Biological Anthropology (3)
ATH 265 Language and Culture (3)

Additional anthropology courses:
300-level or above to total at least 18 semester hours

Note: Only four credits of field method courses ( ATH 351, 415, and 426) count toward the 18 hours needed for the minor.

Applied Sociological Research (19 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Sociology and Gerontology, 375 Upham Hall (513-529-2628).

This minor emphasizes the research aspect of sociology. It is for students planning research-oriented careers in organizational settings. Through course work and field experience, students become familiar with various aspects of research methodology and organizations.

This minor requires completion of approved courses and field work placement. A maximum of four semester hours of field placement can be counted toward this minor; if you take SOC 260A for the field work course, you must take it for four semester hours.

With the exceptions of SOC 151 and SOC 152, sociology courses taken for this minor may not be used to fulfill requirements for the sociology major. The research methods course ( SOC 262) may be used to meet requirements for the major or the minor, but not both.

All courses listed below are prerequisite for a field placement. A g.p.a. of 2.50 and permission of instructor is required before a field placement may be taken.

Program Requirements

All of these:
SOC 151 Social Relations (4) or
        SOC 152 Social Relations and U.S. Cultures (4)
SOC 262 Research Methods (4)
SOC 417 Economy and Society (3) or
        SOC 454 Formal Organizations (3)
SOC 462 Applied Sociological Research (3)
STA 261 Statistics for Social Science (4)
SOC 260A Internship: An Introduction to Applied Sociology and Human Services (1-4) or
        SOC 440A Applied Field Experience (4-16)

Black World Studies (18 semester hours)

For information contact the director of Black World Studies, 120 MacMillan Hall (513-529-1235).

This program is an interdisciplinary program open to all majors. It offers students opportunity to understand languages, culture, politics, and values of black people in a global context. Moreover, the study of black people and black experience may better prepare all students to cope with the ever-increasing demands of a multicultural world. This program stresses critical thinking, reflection, and informed action.

A minimum g.p.a. of 2.00 is required for all courses in the minor.

Program Requirements

Take these two:
BWS 151 Introduction to Black World Studies (4)
BWS 156 Introduction to Africa (4)

Take a minimum of two courses each from Areas A and B (total of four courses) and a minimum of one course from Area C or D:

Area A. African Experiences and Cultures
Two of these:
ART 235 The Gods Are Here (3)
ART 480 Seminar in African Art (3)
ATH 329 Religions of Africa (3)
BOT 496 Biodiversity of Kenya (5)
BWS/GEO/HST/ REL 209 Civilizations of Africa (3)
BWS/ HST 224 Africa in 1884 (3)
BWS/ HST 225 The Making of Modern Africa (3)
BWS/ FST 267 National Cinema: African Film (3)
BWS/ GEO 301 Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa (4)
BWS/ CLS 310E Conflict in Greco-Roman Egypt (3)
BWS 324/ HST 325 Images of Africa (3)
BWS 339/ POL 338 Contemporary African Politics (3)
BWS/ ATH 366 African Oral Traditions (3)
BWS 370 Selected Topics: Black World Studies (3)
BWS/POL 370B African Politics and Society Through Literature (3)
BWS/ENG/FST/ POR 381 African Lusophone Literature (3)
BWS/ENG 450A Studies in Genre: The African Noel
BWS/ HST 495 Modern African Environmental History (3)
BWS/ HST 496 Africa in the 20th Century: Decolonization and Independence (3)
HST 444 Ancient Egypt
POL 438 Africa in the Global Economy (3)

Area B. African American Experience and Cultures
Two of these:
BWS/ HST 221 African American History (3)
BWS 250C African American Education (3)
BWS/ KNH 279 African Americans in Sports (3)
BWS/ KNH 292 Dance, Culture, and Contexts (3)
BWS/ ENG 336 African American Writing 1746-1877 (3)
BWS/ ENG 337 African American Writing 1878-1945 (3)
BWS/ ENG 338 African American Writing 1946-Present (3)
BWS/ HST 365 Civil War and Reconstruction Era (3)
BWS/ HST 395 The American South to 1877 (3)
BWS/ HST 396 The American South Since 1877 (3)
BWS/ SOC 448 The African American Experience (3)
ENG 271 Cultures and Literatures of the American South (3)
ENG 348 Ethnic American Literatures (3)
HST 329 Lynching in America 1865-1940 (3)
MUS 135 Understanding Jazz, Its History and Context (3)
MUS 285 The Roots of Black Music: Blues, Gospel, and Soul (3)
MUS 386 The History and Development of Hip Hop Culture in America (3)
REL 343 African American Religions (3)

Area C. Afro-Latin and Afro-Carribbean Experiences
One of these:
BWS/ POR 383 By or About (Afro-) Brazilian Women (3)
BWS/ LAS 415 Cuba in Revolution: Its History, Politics, and Culture (4)
ENG/ LAS 254 Latin American Literature (3)
GEO 405 The Caribbean in Global Context (3)
GEO 461 Migrants and Diasporas (3)
GEO 473 Development and Underdevelopment (3)
GEO 475 Global Periphery's Urbanization (3)

Area D. Perspectives on Gender, Race, Class, and Ethnicity
One of these:
BWS/ CLS 210R Race and Ethnicity in Antiquity (3)
BWS/ KNH 292 Dance, Culture, and Contexts (3)
BWS/ ATH 325 Identity, Race, Gender Class (3)
BWS/HST 326 Islam (3)
BWS/ SOC 348 Race and Ethnic Relations (3)
BWS/FWS 362 Family & Poverty (3)
BWS/ WMS 370E Feminism and Diaspora: U.S. Women of Color (3)
BWS 380J Black Atlantic: Crosscurrents of Resistance (3)
BWS/ HST 386 Race in U.S. Society (3)
BWS/ WMS 410A/ENG 470A Black Feminist Theory (3)
BWS/ ARC 427 The American City Since 1940 (3)
BWS 433 African American Psychology (3)
BWS/ SOC 448 The African American Experience (3)
BWS/ GEO 455 Race, Urban Change, and Conflict in America (3)
BWS 470 Social and Political Activism (3)
BWS/ GTY 472 Minority Aging (3)
BWS 492 African and African American Sexuality (3)
KNH 386 African Americans and Health Issues (3)
POL 142 American Politics and Diversity (4)
POL 326 Comparative Ethnic Politics (3)
PSY 325 Psychology of Prejudice and Minority Experience (3)
REL 241 Religions of the American People (4)
SOC 372 Social Stratification (3)
SOC 490 Critical Race Theory
WMS 370A Black Women Writers (3)

Botany (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Botany, 316 Pearson Hall (513-529-4200).

Courses for this minor must be taken for a grade and your accumulated g.p.a. must be greater than 2.00. Advanced courses must represent at least 14 hours of the total 18. If you plan to take a minor in botany, please consult with the chief departmental adviser.

Program Requirements

These courses:
BOT 115,116 Biological Concepts (4,4) or
        BOT 191 General Botany (3)
BOT 203 Introduction to Plant Cell and Molecular Biology (4) or
        BOT 204 Evolution of Plant Biodiversity: Genes to Biosphere (4)

Select course from the following to total a minimum of ten hours:
BOT 203 Introduction to Plant Cell and Molecular Biology (4)
BOT 204 Evolution of Plant Biodiversity: Genes to Biosphere (4)
BOT 205 Dendrology (4)
BOT 255 Introduction to Biotechnology (3)
BOT 302 Plant Taxonomy (4)
BOT 312 Plant and Fungal Diversity (4)
BOT 342 Genetics (3)
BOT 401 Plant Ecology (3)
BOT 402 Plant Anatomy (3)
BOT 403 Plant Development (3)
BOT 409 Morphology of Vascular Plants (4)
BOT 415 Techniques in Plant Biotechnology (3)
BOT 421 Advanced Mycology (3)
BOT 425 Plant Physiology (4)
BOT 431 Global Plant Diversity (3)
BOT 432 Ecoregions of North America (3)
BOT 499A Tropical Flora of the Bahamas (4)

Chinese (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of German, Russian, and East Asian Languages, 172 Irvin Hall (513-529-2526).

This minor offers students substantial language training and fundamental cultural understanding. Three years course work or the equivalent training in language gives students adequate skills for daily communication and some tools for handling more sophisticated materials. Literature and culture courses provide students with knowledge of traditional and modern Chinese world views and social realities.

Chinese language and culture and literature credits transferred to Miami from other institutions may be used to fulfill the requirements. the courses must be passed with a 2.00 g.p.a. Courses taken on a pass/non-pass basis may not be applied to the minor.

Program Requirements

Four of these (12 semester hours):
CHI 201 Second Year Chinese (3)
CHI 202 Second Year Chinese (3)
CHI 301 Third Year Chinese (3)
CHI 302 Third Year Chinese (3)
CHI 401 Fourth Year Chinese (3)
CHI 402 Fourth Year Chinese (3)

Two of these (6 semester hours):
CHI 251 Traditional Chinese Literature (3)
CHI 252 Modern Chinese Literature (3)
CHI 255 Drama in China and Japan (3)
CHI 264 Chinese Cinema and Culture (3)
CHI 277W Chinese Culture Live (3)
CHI 401,402 Fourth Year Chinese (if not used in above hours) (3,3)

Other courses not listed above may count toward the minor, including honors courses and one-time offerings with the approval of the Chinese Program adviser.

Classical Humanities (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Classics, 105 Irvin Hall
(513-529-1480).

This minor offers students the opportunity to become acquainted with the rich spectrum of classical literature, language, art, and civilization. A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor. These courses must be taken for a grade, not credit/no-credit.

Program Requirements

Two of these:
CLS 101 Greek Civilization in its Mediterranean Context (3)
CLS 102 Introduction to Roman Civilization (3)
CLS 121 Classical Mythology (3)

Three semester hours of classical literature and language selected from: CLS 210A, 210Z, 211, 212, 213, 215, 310P, 310R, 310S, 316, 317, 331; or any other approved course in classical literature; or any Greek course except GRK 101, 102, 221, 222; any Latin course except LAT 101, 102, 121, 201, 321.

Three hours in classical civilization selected from: CLS 210A, 210C, 210E, 210J, 210R, 210T, 235, 310B, 310I, 310Q, 310T, 321, 322; ART 381, 382, 383, 384; or any other approved course in classical civilization.

Six additional hours selected from the last two groups.

Communication (18 semester hours)

The minor in communication is selective and enrollment is limited. It offers students the opportunity to learn how human beings create meaning, develop relationships, achieve goals, and create community through human communication behavior. The role of communication in contexts such as interpersonal relationships, small groups, organizations, the public realm, and media is explored.

Program Requirements

Required course
COM 143 Introduction to Mass Communication (3)

At least one of these:
COM 134 Introduction to Speech Communication (3)
COM 135 Public Expression and Critical Inquiry (3)
COM 136 Introduction to Interpersonal Communication (3)

Take 12 hours from the following (at least six hours must be at 300/400 level):
COM 215, 231, 239, 247, 259, 262, 281, 282, 332, 335, 336, 339, 341, 353, 354, 355, 436, 437, 438, 439, 441, 443, 445, 446, or 450.

Criminology (20-50 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Sociology and Gerontology, 375 Upham Hall (513-529-2628).

This minor focuses on the sociology of crime, adult offenders, including an orientation to the social scientific study of crime, a critical examination of institutions in the criminal justice system, and a consideration of recent trends in the study of crime. A crucial element of the minor is the completion of an internship in an agency, program, or institution within the criminal justice system. Students may major in any field and are encouraged to apply regardless of their major course of study.

Students must apply in the Sociology and Gerontology Office before spring break of their sophomore year for admission to the minor or thematic sequence. Prerequisites for application are completion of SOC 151 or 152 and a minimum overall g.p.a. of 2.50. Because the required courses are sequentially related, and space is limited, students may need instructors' permission to register for Criminology ( SOC 352), Systems of Justice ( SOC 409), Topics in Criminology ( SOC 410), and Juvenile Delinquency ( SOC 413).

Program Requirements

Select track one or track two for your program.

Track one: For the non-sociology major (20-21 semester hours)

Required. All of these in this order:
SOC 151 Social Relations (4) or
        SOC 152 Social Relations and U.S. Cultures (4)
SOC 352 Criminology (3)
SOC 409 Systems of Justice (3)
SOC 440C Field Experience (4-16)*
* Only 4 semester hours of field placement may count toward the sociology major and/or criminology minor.

One of these:
SOC 410 Topics in Criminology (3)
SOC 413 Juvenile Delinquency (3)

Electives. Minimum three semester hours from these:
SOC 201 Social Problems (4)
SOC 202 Social Deviance (4)
SOC 348 Race and Ethnic Relations (3)
SOC 372 Social Stratification (3)
SOC 411 Social Conflict (3)
SOC 412 Sociology of Law (3)
SOC 417 Economy and Society (3)
SOC 451 Family Violence (3)

Track two: For the sociology major (50 semester hours)

Complete 36 semester hours of sociology, including required courses for the major and all of the requirements for the criminology minor listed above. A minimum total of 50 semester hours in sociology is required for a combined sociology major and criminology minor.

Digital Game Studies (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Interactive Media Studies Program, 210 Laws Hall (513-529-1637)

This minor introduces students to the foundations of game design and implementation. Courses within the minor are divided into three categories designed to introduce students to the broad areas of expertise required to produce a state-of-the-art game or visual simulation. These areas are the art of aesthetics, story and design, and programming and implementation.

Program Requirements

Art and Aesthetics (6 hours):
ART/ IMS 259 Aesthetics and Computation (3)
IMS 319 Foundations in 3-D and Animation (3)

Story and Design (6 hours):
ENG/ IMS 238 Narrative and Digital Technology (3)
IMS 445 Game Design (3)

Implementation and Programming (6 hours)
You must complete one of the following sequences:

Non-computer science/engineering major sequence:
ART/ IMS 359 Interactive Programming with ActionScript (3)
CSA 251 Introduction to Game Programming (3)

Computer science/engineering major sequence:
CSA 386 Introduction to Computer Graphics (3)
CSA 487 Game Design and Implementation (3)

East Asian Studies (18 semester hours)

For information contact the program adviser in the Department of German, Russian, and East Asian Languages, 172 Irvin Hall (513-529-2526).

This interdisciplinary program is open to all majors. It introduces students to cultures of East Asian countries, including art, literature, history, geography, religion, sociology, economics, and political systems.

Program Requirements

Language Proficiency

You must attain a second-year language proficiency in either Chinese or Japanese. Completion of CHI 202 or JPN 202, or higher level of courses will fulfill this requirement. Contact the program adviser for proficiency assessment if necessary.

Course Requirements

Select courses from Group I and II.

Group I (100-200 level)
Six semester hours from East Asia (see below)
(or three hours from East Asia and three hours from Related Courses):
ART 186 China, Korea, Japan (3)
ART/JPN/ REL 279 Buddhism and Culture: China and Japan (3)
ATH/GEO/ITS/POL/ SOC 208 The Rise of Industrialism in East Asia (3)
CHI 251 Chinese Literature in English Translation (3)
CHI 252 Modern Chinese Literature in English Translation (3)
CHI/ JPN 255 Dramas in Japan and China in Translation (3)
CHI/ FST 264 Chinese Cinema and Culture (3)
CHI 277W Chinese Culture Live (1-3)
JPN 231 Japanese Tales of the Supernatural in English Translation (3)
JPN 260 Topics in Japanese Literature in English Translation (3)
JPN 266 Survey of Japanese Cinema (3)
REL 202 Religions of Asia (3)

Related Courses

ART 185 India and Southeast Asia (3)
PHL 106 Thought and Culture of India (4)

Group II (300-400 level)
Twelve semester hours from East Asia, China, or Japan; or twelve semester hours from a combination of the areas:

East Asia
GEO 308 Geography of East Asia (3)
POL 335 Politics of China and Japan (3)
POL 375 International Relations of East Asia (3)
REL 324 Buddhism in East Asia (3)

China
ART 311 Chinese Painting History (3)
EDT 499.6 Teaching About China (1)
GEO 410D Regional Analysis of China (1-4)
HST 353 History of Chinese Civilization (3)
HST 354 Modern Chinese History (3)
HST/WMS 383 Women in Chinese History (3)
HST 400.6 Senior Capstone: Asian History (3)
HST 434 China and the Silk Road (3)

Japan
ARC 428 Japanese Architecture (3)
ART 312 Japanese Painting and Prints (3)
HST 356 Modern Japanese History (3)
JPN 401 Japanese Culture and Society in Contemporary Texts I (3)
JPN 402 Japanese Culture and Society in Contemporary Texts II (3)
SOC 408 Contemporary Japanese Society (3)

Related course:

EDT 499.6 Teaching About China (1)
ENG 369 Colonial and Post-Colonial Literatures of South Asia (3)
GEO 408 Geography of the Silk Road (3)
POL 328 Politics of Central Asia (3)
REL 323 Buddhism in India and South Asia (3)
Other courses, including one-time offerings, and honors and summer workshop courses may count toward this minor. For approval contact the program adviser.

Economics (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Economics, 208 Laws Hall (513-529-2836).

This minor is designed for students who are interested in exploring how their major area of specialization connects to the wider world of the workplace and the economy. Students who are preparing for law school or a master's degree in business administration (M.B.A.) program will find this minor valuable.

The 18 hours of Economics must be completed with at least a 2.00 g.p.a. Either ECO 315 or 317 must be taken at Miami.

Program Requirements

ECO 201 Principles of Microeconomics (3)
ECO 202 Principles of Macroeconomics (3)
ECO 315 Intermediate Microeconomic Theory (3) or
        ECO 317 Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory (3)

Nine additional hours of advanced economics (300 level or above), which may include the other intermediate theory course.

English Literature (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of English, 356 Bachelor Hall (513-529-5221).

This minor offers students not majoring in English a chance to use their elective hours to satisfy a personal interest, to strengthen their degree, or to enhance their career opportunities.

When you begin this minor, you must register with the chief departmental adviser, and you must check your progress with the adviser at least once a year until you complete the minor. Courses taken credit/no-credit will not count toward the minor. A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor.

Program Requirements

Six semester hours of introduction to English literature ( ENG 131, 132, 133).

Three semester hours in the study of a major English author from these:
ENG 372, 373, or 440 (when topic is appropriate).

Three semester hours of theme or genre study in English literature from these: ENG 233, 261, 281, 283, 284, 0r 490 (when topic is appropriate).

Three semester hours of period study in English literature from these: ENG 327, 328, 331, 334,335, 339, 342, 343,344, 345, or 347.

Three additional hours of advanced study from the last three categories above.

Ethics (19 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Philosophy, 212 Hall Auditorium (513-529-2440).

The department occasionally offers courses in special topics appropriate to this minor. These may be substituted by petition for any of the courses listed in the second group.

Program Requirements

Both of these:
PHL 131 Problems of Moral and Social Values (3)
PHL 311 Ethical Theory (4)

Three of these:
PHL 312 Contemporary Moral Problems (4)
PHL 331 Political Philosophy (4)
PHL 335 Philosophy of Law (4)
PHL 355 Feminist Theory (4)
PHL 360A Confronting Death (4)
PHL 375 Moral Issues in Health Care (4)
PHL 376 Environmental Philosophy (4)
PHL 475 Justice in Healthcare (4)

European Area Studies (18 semester hours)

For information contact the European area studies adviser Dr. Margaret Ziolkowski, 164 Irvin Hall (513-529-1853).

This minor, open to all students in the university, introduces the European region from multiple perspectives of humanities, social sciences, and fine arts. It provides students at Miami's campuses, including the John E. Dolibois European Center (MUDEC) in Luxembourg or other European programs, with a framework for integrating their studies into the overall curriculum at Miami. A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor.

Program Requirements*

Both of these:
HST 122 Western Civilization (3) or
       a modern European history course
GEO 311 Geography of Western Europe (4) or
       another European geography course

One of these:
POL 333 Politics of Western Europe (4) or
       another course in West European politics
POL 332 Post-Soviet Russian Politics (4) or
       another course in Russian or East European politics
ECO 341 Economic History of Modern Europe (3)

One course in each category:
A modern European culture course from literature, art, architecture, music, theatre or cinema (3)

A modern European language course at the 300- level or above, taught in that language (3)

An additional Europe-focused course to reach a total of 18 semester hours.

The European Studies Adviser must approve all selected courses.

* Appropriate courses taken in European study abroad programs, including MUDEC, may be substituted for above courses with the approval of the European Area Studies adviser.

Film Studies (18 semester hours)

For information contact program adviser in the Department of History, 250 Upham Hall (513-529-5121).

This interdepartmental minor integrates courses that treat film as a major art form or that use film as a specific and unique analytical device in the study of literature, history, arts, or national cultures. It offers a broad introduction to importance and influence of film, variety of film studies methodologies, and history and criticism of the modes of cinema across the world.

Program Requirements

These two:
FST 201 Introduction to Film Criticism and History (3)
FST 401 Seminar in Film Study (3)

Twelve semester hours from these:
ENG/COM 422 Creative Writing: Screenwriting (3)
FST/ COM 146 Media Aesthetics (3)
FST/ COM 205 American Film as Communication (3)
FST/COM/ IDS 206 Diversity and Culture in American Film (3)
FST/ ENG 220 Literature and Film (3; maximum 6)
FST/ ENG 221 Shakespeare and Film (3)
FST/ ENG 235 Classics of Film (3)
FST/ ENG 236 Alternative Traditions in Film (3)
FST/ HST 250 History and Popular Culture (3)*
FST/ HST 252 Representations of History in Film and Video (3)
FST/ GER 261 Survey of German Cinema (3)
FST/ ITL 262 Italian Cinema (3)
FST/ RUS 263 Soviet and Post-Soviet Russian Cinema (3)
FST/ CHI 264 Chinese Cinema and Culture (3)
FST/FRE/ GER 265 European Jewish Cinema (3)
FST/ JPN 266 Survey of Japanese Cinema (3)
FST/ HST 302 War and European Cinema (3)
FST/ ENG 350 Topics in Film (3; maximum 6)
FST/ FRE 366 French Cinema (3)
FST/ LAS 415 Cuba in Revolution (3)
FST/ FRE 460 Topics in French Cinema Study (3)
HST 251 Gender and Third World Film (3)
PHL 241 Aesthetics (4)
PHL 410 Special Topics (1-4)*
POL 220 Movies and Politics (2)

* Applies when topic is film-related.

French (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of French and Italian, 207 Irvin Hall (513-529-7508).

This minor provides direction, coherence, and recognition in French studies for non-majors. It is designed to expand your area of interest and expertise and to broaden your career options. Students are encouraged to participate in the Department's summer programs abroad.

You must accumulate 18 semester hours at 200 level or above and maintain a 2.50 g.p.a. No courses in translation count toward the minor; all courses must be taken for a grade, not credit/no-credit. You must plan your program with an adviser.

Geography (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Geography, 216 Shideler Hall (513-529-5010).

This minor provides training in the interpretation of geographic data and geographic (spatial) analytical techniques that should form a strong complement for students with majors in other physical and social sciences. We recommend a minor in geography for students who want to know the world better and want to apply that broader perspective to effective local action in their special areas of expertise.

A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor. No courses may be taken credit/no-credit. This minor is not available to majors in geography.

Program Requirements

Select an emphasis from one of these three areas for your program.

Comparative urban-economic emphasis
GEO 101 Global Forces, Local Diversity (3)
GEO 201 Geography of Urban Diversity (3)
GEO 211 Global change (3)
Tool course (2-4)*

Additional advanced urban-economic geography courses to make up required 18 semester hours*

Environmental change emphasis
GEO 121 Earth's Physical Environments (4)
GEO 211 Global Change (3)
GEO 221 Regional Physical Environments (3)
Tool course (2-4)*

Additional advanced environmental change courses to make up required 18 semester hours*

Global (international) development emphasis
GEO 101 Global Forces, Local Diversity (3) or
        GEO 111 World Regional Geography: Patterns and Issues (3)
GEO 211 Global Change (3)
Tool course (2-4)

Additional advanced global development courses to make up required 18 semester hours*

*Contact the department for a list of courses that count for each emphasis.

Geology (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Geology, 114 Shideler Hall (513-529-3216).

A minimum g.p.a. of 2.25 is required for all courses in the minor. No courses may be taken credit/no-credit. This minor is not available to majors in geology or earth science education. Courses must be selected observing all prerequisites. Substitutions may be made with approval of department.

Program Requirements

One of these:
GLG 111 The Dynamic Earth (3)
GLG 121 Environmental Geology (3)
GLG 131 Geology and Gemstones (3)
GLG 141 Geology of U.S. National Parks (3)

This laboratory:
GLG 115L Understanding the Earth Lab (1)

Also required:
Complete the 18 semester hours with courses at 200 level or above. One course must be at 300 level or above.

German (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of German, Russian, and East Asian Languages, 172 Irvin Hall (513-529-2526).

All courses in German (except those offered only credit/no credit) must be taken for a grade. You must coordinate your program with a department adviser. This minor consists of courses above the 100 level.

Program Requirements

Choose one course from each group:

Language skill
GER 301 Advanced German Composition and Conversation (3)

Literature
GER 311 Passionate Friendships in German Literature and Culture (3)
GER 312 Coming of Age in German Literature and Thought (3)

Culture
GER 321 Cultural Topics in German-Speaking Europe (3)
GER 322 Comparative Study of Everyday Culture:
German-Speaking Europe and the U.S.A. (3)

Grammar/linguistics
GER 471 Linguistic Perspectives on Contemporary German (3) or
       one GER course at 400 level or higher

Also required:

Remaining hours selected from courses at 200 level or above, excluding courses taught in English translation.

Gerontology (19 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Sociology and Gerontology, 375 Upham Hall (513-529-2628).

Students in any major may pursue this multidisciplinary minor. A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in this minor, and only GTY 440G Fieldwork in Gerontology may be taken on a credit/no-credit basis. Note prerequisites when selecting courses.

Program Requirements

Both of these:
GTY 154 Aging in American Society (3)
GTY 440G Field Experience in Gerontology (Capstone) (4)

At least one of these:
GTY/ SOC 318 Sociology of Aging and the Life Course (3)
GTY 365 Social Policy and Programs in Gerontology (3)

Courses to bring total to 19 semester hours from these:
CLS 322 Growing Old in Greece and Rome (3)
EDP 356 Human Development (3)
ENG/PHL/REL/PSY 360A Confronting Death (4)
FSW 261 Diverse Family Systems Across the Life Cycle (3)
GTY 260 Global Aging (3)
GTY 356 Biopsychosocial Health and Aging (3)
GTY 460 Selected Topics in Gerontology (2-4)
GTY/SOC/WMS 463 Gender and Aging (3)
GTY/ FSW 466 Families in Later Life (3)
GTY/ BWS 472 Race, Ethnicity, and Aging (3)
GTY/ ATH 476 Environment and Aging (3)
GTY 485 Long Term Care in an Aging Society (3)
NSG 441 Health and Aging (3)
PHL 375 Moral Issues in Health Care (4)
PHL 475 Justice in Health Care (4)
PHS 471 Sport, Leisure, and Aging (4)
PSY 231 Developmental Psychology (3)
PSY 334 Adulthood and Aging (3)
PSY 334L Adulthood and Aging Laboratory (1)
SOC 435 Sociology of Death (3)

Global Perspectives on Sustainability
(19 semester hours)

For information contact the Institute for Environmental Science, 102 Boyd Hall (513-529-5811).

This interdisciplinary minor introduces students to the foundations of environmental sustainability and its complexities with an emphasis on the approaches taken by people living under different geographic and economic conditions. Of special importance in this minor is increasing student understanding of the issues and problems faced by the majority of global citizens who live in less industrial or less economically developed parts of the world.

Program Requirements

Background courses (take one from each category):

Category I: Natural Science (minimum of three hours)
BOT 131 Plants, Humanity, and the Environment (3)
BOT/CHM/GEO/GLG/MBI/MTH/STA/ ZOO 275 Principles of Environmental Science (3)
GEO 271 Human Dimensions of Natural Resource Conservation (3)
GLG 121 Environmental Geology (3)
GLG 207 Water and Society (3)

Category II: Business (minimum of three hours)
ECO 201 Principles of Microeconomics (3)
ECO 202 Principles of Macroeconomics (3)
ECO 434 Environmental Economics (3)
MKT 291 Principles of Marketing (3)

Category III: Political/Social Science (minimum of three hours)
ATH 175 Peoples of the World (3)
ITS 201 Introduction to International Studies (3)
POL 270 Current World Problems (3)
POL 271 World Politics (4)

Sustainability and Environmental Foundations (minimum of three hours)
ATH 455 Heredity, Environment, and Human Society (3)
BOT/BUS/GEO/GLG/ ZOO 494 Sustainability Perspectives in Resources and Business (3)
GEO 436 Women, Gender, and the Environment (3)
GEO 473 Development and Underdevelopment (3)
IES 431 Principles and Applications of Environmental Sciences (3)
PHL 376 Environmental Philosophy (4)

Advanced courses (minimum of three hours)
ATH 305, 307; BWS 330, 362; GEO 301, 304, 405, 472, 475; HST 343, 495, 496; ITS 302; POL 335, 336, 337, 338, 346, 378, 386; ZOO 467

Field courses or internship (minimum of four hours)

History (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of History, 254 Upham Hall (513-529-5121).

If you are not majoring in history, this minor is an opportunity for you to satisfy an interest, strengthen your degree, and enhance your preparation for a career or further education.

A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor. These courses must be taken for a grade (not credit/no-credit).

Program Requirements

Six semester hours (two introductory survey courses; need not be in sequence) from these:
HST 111, 112 Survey of American History (3, 3)
HST 121, 122 Western Civilization (3, 3)
HST 197, 198 World History (3, 3)

Remaining 12 semester hours must be history courses at the 200 level and above.

History of Philosophy (20 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Philosophy, 212 Hall Auditorium (513-529-2440).

The department occasionally offers courses in special topics appropriate to this minor. These may be substituted by petition for any course listed in the second group.

Program Requirements

Both of these:
PHL 301 Ancient Philosophy (4)
PHL 302 Modern Philosophy (4)

Three of these. At least one must be 400 level:
PHL 390 Existentialism (4)
PHL 402 Nineteenth Century Philosophy (4)
PHL 430 Seminar in Ancient or Medieval Philosophy (4)
PHL 440 Seminar in Modern Philosophy (4)
PHL 460 Seminar in Marxism (4)

Horticultural Botany (19 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Botany, 316 Pearson Hall (513-529-4200).

This minor gives you a general understanding of horticulture and related fields. It is open to all students; however, for students working on the A.B. in botany, only BOT 115, 116, or 191 can count for both the major and this minor, and for students working on the B.S. in botany, only BOT 115, 116, 191, and 425 can count for both.

Courses used for this minor cannot be used for the minor in botany, except for BOT 115, 116, or 191. College chemistry is recommended for this minor. A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor; no courses for the minor may be taken credit/no-credit.

Program Requirements

One of these:
BOT 115 and 116 Biological Concepts (4, 4) or
BOT 191 General Botany (4)

This one:
BOT 306 Basic Horticulture (3)

Four of these:
BOT 241 Botanical Principles in Landscape Gardening (3)
BOT 302 Plant Taxonomy (4) or
        BOT 205 Dendrology (4)
BOT 312 Plant and Fungal Diversity (4) or
       BOT 421 Advanced Mycology (4)
BOT 340 Internship in Botany (1-16)
BOT 415 Techniques in Biotechnology (3)
BOT 425 Plant Physiology (4)

Interactive Media Studies (19 semester hours minimum)

For information contact the director of the Center for Interactive Media Studies, 210 Laws Hall (513-529-1637).

The minor in interactive media studies introduces the student to digital media and allows them to examine their chosen major from a new perspective. It provides students with a framework for integrating a broad understanding of interactive media balanced with a more specific focus on disciplinary tracks. A 2.50 g.p.a. is required for admittance into the minor.

There are four tracks within the minor that allow students to focus their experience on a particular area of interactive media, and to better complement their disciplinary area of focus. These tracks include art/design, business, humanities, and self-designed.
For a complete list of courses needed to fulfill the requirements, please contact the director.

Program Requirements

Take three of the following (three hours total):
IMS 101 Interactive Development Skills (1)
IMS 101F Web Animation (1)
IMS 101G Presentation Graphics and Multimedia (1)
IMS 101H Web Design and HTML (1)
IMS 101P Desktop Publishing
IMS 101V Video (1)

Take one of the following (three hours total):
ENG 313 Introduction to Technical Writing (3)
IMS 201 Information Studies in the Digital Age (MPT) (3)

Choose one track (minimum of nine hours total):
Business track
IMS 333 New Economy: eBusiness, Entrepreneurship, and Venture Capital (MPT) (3)
MGT/ EGM 311 Project Management (3)
MIS 302 Database Theory and Practice (3)
MKT 419 eCommerce, Marketing and the Internet (4)

Art/design track
ART 256 Design, Perception, and Audience (MPF) (3)
ART 353 The Business of Design (3)
IMS 319 Foundations in 3D Design (3)
IMS/ARC 404Y Mind and Medium (3)
IMS 445 Game Design (3)
PSY 462 Work Space and Work Organization (MPT) (3)

Humanities track
COM 211 Introduction to Electronic Media (4)
ENG 171 Humanities and Technology (MPF) (3)
MUS 303 Electronic Music (MPT) (3)

Self-designed track
Choose nine hours from any of the above tracks (Adviser permission is required, contact the director)

This one:
IMS 440/410 Interactive Media Studies Practicum (MPC) (4)

Italian (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of French and Italian, 207 Irvin Hall (513-529-7508).

This minor offers certified recognition of proficiency in Italian language and successful completion of a program in Italian culture and literature. It increases your understanding of a culture of major influence.

Requirements include completing at least 18 semester hours of Italian above the 100 level, including Italian 301 and 302. A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor. Courses must be taken for a grade (not credit/no-credit). Your program must be planned with an adviser.

Students are encouraged, but not required, to attend the Miami University Summer Language Institute in Italy (Urbino).

Japanese (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of German, Russian, and East Asian Languages, 172 Irvin Hall (513-529-2526).

This minor provides exposure to literature and culture along with systematic language training in speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

Japanese language, culture, and relevant courses transferred from other institutions may be used to fulfill requirements. A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor.

Program Requirements

Select courses from these:
ATH 309/ ENG 303/ GER 309/SPA 303 Introduction to Linguistics (4)
JPN 201, 202 Second Year Japanese (3, 3)
JPN 231 Japanese Tales of the Supernatural in English Translation (3)
JPN 255 Drama in China and Japan in English Translation (3)
JPN 260 Topics in Japanese Literature in English Translation (3)
JPN 266 Survey of Japanese Cinema (3)
JPN 279 Buddhism and Culture: China and Japan (3)
JPN 381 Introduction to Japanese Linguistics (3)
JPN 301, 302 Third Year Japanese (3, 3)
JPN 401, 402 Japanese Culture and Society in Contemporary Texts (3, 3)

Other courses, including one-time offerings, honors courses, etc., may count; contact the Japanese program adviser.

Jewish Studies (18 semester hours)

For information contact the College of Arts and Science, 143 Upham Hall (513-529-1234).

This minor is an interdisciplinary program that encourages students to pursue their particular interests across a wide range of disciplines and periods focusing on the critical approaches to Jewish history, religion, thought, and culture. Jewish Studies credits may be transferred from other institutions, and experience in accredited international programs may be applicable. A 2.50 g.p.a. is required to obtain a Jewish Studies minor.

Program Requirements

Ancient and Medieval Core Courses (3 semester hours)
One of these:
CLS 310J Jews Among the Greeks and Romans (3)
HST 346 Medieval Jewish History (3)
REL 175 Critical Study of Biblical Literature (3)
REL 211 Introduction to the Religion of the Ancient Israel (3)

Modern Core Course (3 semester hours):
This one:
FRE/GER/ RUS 212 Secular Jewish Culture from the Enlightenment to Zionism (3)

Focus Courses
Take 12 semester hours (no more than seven hours may be taken from the Holocaust Focus); at least six hours must be 300 level or higher. Additional core courses may be counted within these hours.

Culture History and Society
FRE/FST/ GER 265 European Jewish Cinema (3)
GER 252 The German-Jewish Experience (3)
REL 499/599 Summer Workshop in Archaeology of Ancient Israel: Fieldwork (6)

Holocaust
HST 400A Senior Capstone in German History (when on the Holocaust) (3)
HST 472 Germany 1918-1945, from Revolution to Rubble (3)
PSY 348 Later Generations of the Holocaust: Psychological Effects (3)
REL 465 Jewish and Christian Responses to the Holocaust (4)

Language
HBW 201 Intermediate Modern Hebrew (3)
HBW 202 Intermediate Modern Hebrew (3)

Literature
ENG/FRE/ GER 356 Contemporary Jewish Fiction in Europe (3)
ENG 230J Jewish American Fiction Since 1945 (3)

Religion and Thought
REL 213 Social and Religious History of the Jewish People (3)
REL 311 Archaeology and Biblical Studies (3)
REL 334 Womens' Religious Experience in the Ancient Mediterranean (3)
REL 385 Religious Roots of Anti-Semitism (3)
REL 388 Jerusalem: The Meeting of Jews, Christians, and Muslims in the Holy City (3)
REL 440/540 Ancient Near Eastern Literature and Religion (1-4)
REL 475 Judaism in Modern Israel (4)

Latin American Studies (18 semester hours)

For information contact the director of Latin American Studies, 127 MacMillan Hall (513-529-1958).

This interdisciplinary program is open to all students and is a valuable complement to a wide range of majors. Students may enroll in the program by declaring intent with an LAS adviser. LAS minors must complete SPN 202 or POR 211. Students whose studies include a focus on the French Caribbean may petition to fulfill the languages requirement with French 202, and students who have completed two years of French and one year of Spanish or Portuguese may petition to get their work recognized as fulfilling the LAS language requirement. All students must complete 6 of the 18 required credit hours in classes outside of their majors and outside of their second minors, if applicable.

Program Requirements

Core courses. At least nine (9) hours required)
ATH 305 Peoples and Cultures of Latin America (3)
GEO 304 Latin American Development (4)
GEO 405 The Caribbean in Global Context (3)
LAS 207 Latin American Civilization (Pre-Columbian and Colonial period) (3)
LAS 208 Latin American Civilization (after 1820) (3)
LAS/ ENG 254 Latino/a Literature (3)
LAS 260 Latin America in the United States (3)
LAS 277,277,477 Independent Study (1-3)
LAS 277X Service Learning (1)
(concurrent registration in MPF course)
LAS 315 Latin American Diaspora Communities (3)
LAS 319 Revolution in Latin America (3)
LAS 410 Current Latin American Issues (3)
LAS/ IES 414 Latin American Environmental Affairs (3)
LAS 415 Cuba in Revolution: Its History, Politics, and Culture (MPC) (4)
LAS/ POL 478 Media and Politics in Latin America and the Caribbean (3)
POL 337 Politics of Latin America (4)
POL 378 Latin America: The Region and the World (3)
POL 430E Seminar on Comparative Political Systems: Latin America (4)
SPN 315 Introduction to Hispanic Literature (3)
SPN 361, 362 Spanish American Cultural History I, II (3,3)
SPN 430 Selected Topics in Literature and Culture: Spanish America (3)
SPN 463 Studies in Spanish American Poetry (3)
SPN 464 The Spanish American Essay (3)

Related Hours. Up to nine (9) hours can count toward the minor.

ATH/ LAS 325 Identity: Race, Class, and Gender (3)
ATH 313 Introduction to South American Archeology (4)
GEO 473 Development and Underdevelopment (3)
HST 307 Latin American Civilization (Before 1820) (3)
HST 487 Mexico Since 1810 (3)
HST 488 Colonial Spanish America (3)
POR 111 Accelerated Elementary Portuguese (4)*
POR 211 Intermediate Portuguese (4)*
POR 311 Composition and Conversational Portuguese (3)
SPN 311 Grammar Review and Introductory Composition (3)
SPN 450 Topics in Hispanic Literature and Language (3)
(Spanish American topic required)
SPN 482 Spanish Dialectology (3)
SPN 490 Issues in Hispanic Literature (3)
(Spanish American topic required)
* Students fulfilling the language skills requirement in Spanish can count POR 111 and 211 as credits in category C.

Electives. Optional courses containing substantial material, concepts, or applications relevant to Latin American studies; these can contribute up to 3 credit hours toward the total of 18.
ATH 175 Peoples of the World (3)
ATH 185 Cultural Diversity in the U.S. (3)
ATH/ ITS 301 Intercultural Relations (3)
ATH 312 Introduction to North American Archaeology (4)
ECO 347 Economic Development (3)
ENG 348 Ethnic American Literature (3)
FRE 202 Critical Analysis of French Culture*
GEO 101 Global Forces, Local Diversity (3)
GEO 111 World Regional Geography (3)
HST 361 Colonial America (3)
HST 371 Native American History (3)
HST 400 Senior Seminar in History (when topic is appropriate)
ITS 201 Introduction to International Studies (3)
MUS 185 The Diverse Worlds of Music (3)
POL 326 Comparative Ethnic Politics (3)
POL 439 North American Politics: Unity and Diversity (3)
SOC 348 Race and Ethnic Relations (3)
SOC 371 Social Stratification (3)
* Students who take Spanish or Portuguese as their language can count this as an elective.

Linguistics (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of English, 356 Bachelor Hall (513-529-5221).

Linguistics is the study of language. Linguists look at how people use language and try to find the rules that govern that use. Because linguistics touches so many areas of study, a minor in linguistics is useful for students majoring in foreign languages, English, sociology, anthropology, psychology, mathematics, communication, philosophy, or computer science.A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor.

Program Requirements

This one:
ENG 303 Introduction to Linguistics (4)

These two:
ENG 405 and 406

At least eight semester hours from these:
ATH 265, 465; COM 337; ENG 301, 302, 410; FRE 341; GER 442; MTH 483; PHL 373; PSY 374; SPN 481, 482.

Lusophone Studies (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Spanish and Portuguese, 268 Irvin Hall (513-529-4500)

A Lusophone studies minor serves to introduce students to the rich culture of Portuguese-speaking peoples and countries, especially Brazil. Portuguese is the seventh-most spoken language in the world. Knowledge of the Lusophone cultures is essential for understanding the political, economic, and social world with which the United States has increasing ties.

Program Requirements

Required Courses
POR 111 Accelerated Introduction to Portuguese (4)
POR 211 Second-Year Portuguese (4)

Choose a total of four courses from the following:
Taught in Portuguese:
POR 311 Grammar Review and Introductory Composition (3)
POR 315 Introduction to Literary Texts: Lusophone Literature (3)

Taught in English:
ATH 305 Peoples and Cultures of Latin America (3)
GEO 304 Latin American Development (4)
HST 307 Latin American Civilization - Colonial Period (3)
LAS 208 Latin American Civilization (3)
POR/BWS/ENG/ FST 381 African Lusophone Literature (3)
POR 383 By or About (Afro-) Brazilian Women (3)
POL 337 Politics of Latin America (4)

Mathematics (21 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Mathematics and Statistics, 123 Bachelor Hall (513-529-5818).

This minor provides students with an increased understanding of, and competence in, mathematics. Building on a base of calculus and linear algebra, already required for many majors, the program leads students through a theoretical course, an applications course, and at least one additional elective in advanced mathematics.

A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor. All courses must be taken for a grade, not credit/no-credit. This minor is not available to majors in mathematics, mathematics and statistics, or mathematics education.

Program Requirements

One of these:
MTH 249 Calculus II (5) or
        MTH 249H Honors Calculus II (5)
MTH 251 Calculus II (4)

One of these:
MTH 252 Calculus III (4) or
        MTH 252H Honors Calculus III (4)

One of these:
MTH 222 Introduction to Linear Algebra (3)
MTH 222T Introduction to Linear Algebra (Honors) (2) and
        MTH 331T Discrete Mathematics (Honors) (3)

At least 10 semester hours in mathematics courses at 300 level or above, including:
At least one of these: MTH 411, 421, 441, or 451
At least one of these: MTH 347, 432, 437, 438, 439, 447, or 453
At least six semester hours at the 400 level

Note: You may count at most one semester hour from MTH 430 or 477 and three semester hours of PHY 341. MTH 330 and 406 do not count toward the minor. Students who have taken MTH 245 as a requirement for a major may count one hour of MTH 245 to the 10 hours at the 300 level, and for them, MTH 245 substitutes for MTH 347 in the list of "applications" courses.

Medieval Studies (18 semester hours)

For information contact John M. Jeep, Department of German, Russian, and East Asian Languages, 152 Irvin Hall (513-529-1952).

This minor provides a basis for understanding and evaluating Western civilization by showing its roots in the Middle Ages. It establishes a full cultural context so students can understand and appreciate medieval literature, history, art, religion, and philosophy.

The Medieval Studies minor is open to all students, but will probably be of most interest to majors in art history, classics, English, French and Italian, German, history, philosophy, religion, and Spanish.

Program Requirements

Eighteen semester hours from any of the following:
ART 466, 467, 468, 469, and 480W
ENG 371 and 431
FRE 443, 444
GER 260A
HST 313, 321, 345, 346, 353, 381, and 451
ITL 264 and 401
LAT 404
PHL 430
REL 232 and 430
SPN 351

Credit for course work at Dolibois European Center and in special seminars and other infrequently offered courses may also be applied to the minor with the approval of the Medieval Studies coordinator.

Middle East and Islamic Studies (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Political Science, 218 Harrison Hall (513-529-2000)

This minor offers students a firm interdisciplinary grounding in the cultures, religious systems, history and politics of the Islamic world with an emphasis upon the modern Middle East. A minimum 2.50 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor.

Program Requirements

Six semester hours from these:
ATH/HST/ REL 207 Civilization of the Middle East (3) and
HST 321 Introduction to Islamic History (3) or
REL 326 Islam (3)

Twelve semester hours from these:
ART 185 India and Southeast Asia (3)
ART 313 Early Christian, Byzantine, and Islamic Art (3)
ATH 307 Peoples and Cultures of the Middle East (3)
HST 400 Senior Capstone in Middle East and Islamic History (3)
HST 322 The History of the Modern Middle East (3)
POL 336 Politics of the Middle East (3)
REL 360 Interdisciplinary Special Topics: Jews and Muslims through the Ages (1-4)
REL 360 Interdisciplinary Special Topics: Introduction to Islamic Mysticism/Sufism (1-4)
REL 475 Judaism in Modern Israel (4)

Molecular Biology (18 semester hours)

For more information, contact David Pennock, Department of Zoology (513-529-3127; pennocdg@muohio.edu). The molecular biology minor is offered cooperatively by the Departments of Botany, Chemistry and Biochemistry, Microbiology, and Zoology.
This minor enables students to pursue in-depth a multidisciplinary study of biological phenomena at the molecular level. It provides a strong foundation for students planning careers in biotechnology or advanced work at the graduate level. A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor.

Program Requirements

All of these:
One course in biochemistry ( CHM 332, 432, or 433)
One course in cell biology ( BOT 203, MBI 201, ZOO 203, or ZOO 443)
One course from three of the four departments (BOT, CHM, MBI, or ZOO)
One laboratory course ( BOT 415, BOT/MBI/ ZOO 424, CHM 438, MBI 465, or ZOO 464) or
       earn at least two credits of directed research in molecular biology.
One course in molecular biology ( CHM 434, MBI 365, or ZOO 444)

Other courses to bring total semester hours to 18:
BOT 203 Introduction to Plant Cell and Molecular Biology (4)
BOT 255 Plant Biotechnology (3)
BOT 342 Genetics (3)
BOT 403 Plant Development (3)
BOT 415 Plant Tissue Culture/Plant Biotech Laboratory (4)
BOT/MBI/ ZOO 424 Biological Instrumentation (4)
CHM 332 Outlines of Biochemistry (4)
CHM 432 Fundamentals of Biochemistry (4)
CHM 433 Biochemistry (3)
CHM 434 Biochemistry (3)
CHM 438 Biochemistry Laboratory (2)
MBI 201 General Microbiology (4)
MBI 365 Molecular and Cellular Biology (3)
MBI 414 Immunology (3)
MBI 425 Microbial Physiology (4)
MBI 445 Microbial Genetics (3)
MBI 464 Human Viruses (3)
MBI 465 Microbial and Molecular Genetics Laboratory (2)
ZOO 342 Genetics (3)
ZOO 361 Patterns in Development (4)
ZOO 442 Mechanisms of Animal Development (3)
ZOO 443 Cell Biology (3)
ZOO 444 Molecular Biology (3)
ZOO 449 Biology of Cancer (3)
ZOO 464 Laboratory in Cell/Molecular Biology (3)
ZOO 471 Molecular Physiology (3)

Naval Science (22 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Naval Science, 67 Millett Hall (513-529-3700).

This minor is an interdisciplinary program open to all majors. It introduces students to the broad field of naval service and provides specific information on the organization and operation of the United States Navy and Marine Corps. The naval science minor includes courses in physical and social sciences, formal reasoning, and computer science.

No courses may be taken credit/no-credit. A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor.

Program Requirements

Core sequence
Both of these:
NSC 101 Naval Orientation and Organization (2)
NSC 202 Seapower and Maritime Affairs Seminar (3)

One of these:
NSC 102 Naval Ship's Systems (3)
NSC 201 Naval Mission Systems (3)

Eight semester hours from these:
NSC 301 Navigation (4)
NSC 302 Naval Operations and Seamanship (3)
NSC 311 The Evolution of Warfare (3)
NSC 320 Tactical Problems Seminar (1)
NSC 377 Independent Studies (1-5)
NSC 401 Leadership and Ethics (2)
NSC 402 Naval Personnel Management (3)
NSC 411 Amphibious Warfare (3)

One course each from two different departments
Minimum six hours from these:
CSA 141 Fundamentals of Computing (2)
CSA 151 Computers, Computer Science, and Society (3)
CSA 163 Introduction to Computer Systems (3)
CSA 174 Structured Programming and Computer Algorithms (3)
MIS 235 Information Technology and the Intelligent Enterprise (3)
HST 219 U.S. Diplomatic History to 1914 (3)
HST 222 U.S. Diplomatic History Since 1914 (3)
HST 431 The U.S.-Vietnam War (3)
MGT 301 Organizational Behavior and Theory (3)
MTH 151 or 153 Calculus I (5)
MTH 249 or 251 Calculus II (4)
PHY 181, 182 General Physics I, II (4, 4)
POL 373 American Foreign Policy (3)
POL 376 United States National Security Policy (3)
POL 382 International Law (3)
POL 387 Comparative Security Issues (3)
STA 261 Statistics (4)

Neuroscience (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Psychology, 100 Psychology Building (513-529-2400) or the Department of Zoology, 212 Pearson Hall (513-529-3100); this minor is offered cooperatively.

This minor enables students to pursue in depth a multidisciplinary study of the nervous system. It provides a basic framework for students planning advanced work at the graduate level.

A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor.

Program Requirements

Both of these:
PSY 251 Introduction to Biopsychology (3)
ZOO 305 Animal Physiology (4)

At least 11 semester hours from these:*
PSY 351 Advanced Biopsychology (4)
PSY 356 Psychopharmacology (3)
PSY 410A or E Capstone Seminar in Neuroscience (3)
PSY 451 Cognitive Neuroscience (3)
PSY 456 Neurobiology of Learning and Memory (3)
ZOO 454 Endocrinology (3)
ZOO 457 Neuroanatomy (3)
ZOO 458 Neuroanatomical Methods (1)
ZOO 459 Methods in Neurophysiology (1)
ZOO 464 Laboratory in Cell/Molecular Biology (3)
ZOO 465 Animal Behavior (4)
ZOO 469 Neurophysiology (3)
ZOO 471 Molecular Physiology (3)
* At least one course from each department.

Other relevant work:
Course work in calculus, statistics, chemistry, computer science, and philosophy of science.
An independent research project (with PSY 477 or ZOO 320) is recommended.

Operations Research Methods (19 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Mathematics and Statistics, 123 Bachelor Hall (513-529-5818).

Operations research is the use of scientific methods in decision making. It seeks to observe, understand, and predict the behavior of human-machine systems through the use of mathematical models.

This minor is available to all majors. A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses applicable to the minor. All courses must be taken for a grade, not credit/no-credit.

To explore the possibility of designing your own program, contact the adviser for this minor in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics. Otherwise, follow the program below, which includes the CSA 3 Thematic Sequence (Mathematical and Computer Modeling). Majors in CSA typically satisfy the MTH 2 Thematic Sequence (Basic Mathematical Tools for Science).

Program Requirements

All of these:
CSA 273 Analysis of Deterministic Systems (3)
CSA 372 Stochastic Modeling (3)
CSA 471 Simulation (3)
STA 463 Regression Analysis (4)

At least one of these:*
MTH 432 Optimization (3)
MTH 438 Theory and Applications of Graphs (3)
MTH 453 Numerical Analysis (3) and

A second course chosen from the three above or one of the following**:
CSA 371 Linear and Nonlinear Programming Models (3)
CSA/ STA 483 Analysis of Forecasting Systems (3)
CSA 484 Analysis of Manufacturing Systems (3)
MTH 435 Modeling Capstone (3)
MTH 437 Game Theory (3)
MTH 439 Combinatorics (3)
MTH 447 Topics in Mathematical Finance (3)

* Only one of MTH 432 and CSA 371 may be counted toward this minor (applies to all majors).
** Systems analysis majors must choose a MTH course.

Physics (24-30 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Physics, 133 Culler Hall (513-529-5625).

This minor provides a foundation in classical and modern physics together with enhanced skills in electronics or computational physics. It is not available to majors in physics or engineering physics. Courses may not be taken on a credit/no-credit basis.

Program Requirements

All of these:
PHY 181, 182 The Physical World (4, 4)
PHY 183, 184 General Physics Laboratory (1, 1)
PHY 291 Contemporary Physics (4)
PHY 293 Contemporary Physics Laboratory (2)
MTH 151 Calculus I (5), MTH 251 Calculus II (4) or
        MTH 153 Calculus I (4), MTH 251 Calculus II (4) or
        MTH 249 Calculus II (5)

Either:
PHY 292 Electronic Instrumentation (3) and
        PHY 294 Laboratory in Electronic Instrumentation (2), or
PHY 286 Introduction to Computational Physics (3)

Political Science (21 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Political Science, 218 Harrison Hall (513-529-2000)

If you are not majoring in political science, this minor offers you an opportunity to satisfy an interest, strengthen your degree, or enhance your preparation for career or further education.

Courses for the minor may not be taken credit/no-credit; however, hours in excess of the required minimum may be taken credit/no-credit. A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor. This minor is not open to students with majors or another minor in the Department of Political Science.

Program Requirements

This one:
POL 241 American Political System (4)

One of these:
POL 201 Political Thinking (4)
POL 221 Modern World Governments (4)
POL 261 Public Administration (4)
POL 271 International Politics (4)

Choose at least nine semester hours from other political science courses at the 300 level or above. Students are encouraged to consult with a faculty adviser when selecting courses.

Religion (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Comparative Religion, 7 Old Manse (513-529-4300). This minor is arranged with a faculty adviser in the department.

Program Requirements

This one:
REL 302 Methods for the Study of Religion (4) and
At least 14 additional semester hours in religion (nine hours must be at 300 level and
        above, including 302).

Note: No more than six hours at 100 level can count toward the minor. REL 207 and 209 do not count toward the minor.

Russian (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of German, Russian, and East Asian Languages, 172 Irvin Hall (513-529-2526).

You must have a minimum cumulative g.p.a. of 2.50 for courses taken at Miami. Courses for the Russian minor must be taken for a grade (not credit/no-credit).

Program Requirements

Eighteen semester hours in Russian above 100 level, including these:
RUS 201, 202, 301, 302, and 311 or 411.

Remaining hours from these:
RUS 137, 250, 251, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 263, 272, 401, 412, 450, or 451.

Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of German, Russian, and East Asian Languages, 172 Irvin Hall (513-529-2526)

This interdisciplinary minor allows students to study the history and culture of Russia, East Europe, and Eurasia, broadly defined as the territory of the former Soviet republic, from medieval times to today. Drawing from a range of disciplines and approaches, students have the opportunity to explore issues of political, social, and regional identity and cultural diversity, as well as official and popular culture.

Proficiency in Russian 102 or above is required. Students are encouraged to attend the Miami summer Russian language workshop in Novgorod, Russia, the Miami summer Russian culture workshop in St. Petersburg, Russia, or an approved academic study program in Central Asia, the Caucasus, or East Europe.

Program Requirements

Required Course
RUS 102 Beginner's Course in Russian (4)

Core Requirements
This one:
HST/POL/REL/ RUS 254 Introduction to Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies (3)

One of these:
HST 324, 374, 375, 378, 470, 475, 476

One of these:
POL 328, 331, 332, 420, 430B, 488; ITS 402

One of these:
ATH/GEO/ RUS 306; GEO 408; HST/POL/RUS 230; POL 440; MGT 375; REL 235

Two additional courses from the following list or those listed above:
ARC 404; CLS 210Z; REL/ RUS 133; RUS 137, 201, 202, 250, 251, 253, 255, 256, 257, 258, 301, 302, 311, 401, 411, 412; RUS/ FST 263, 272.

Sociology (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Sociology and Gerontology, 375 Upham Hall (513-529-2628). Applied Sociological Research and Criminology minors are described earlier.

Program Requirements: Pre-professional Minor

This pre-professional minor is for non-sociology majors planning careers in law, medicine, dentistry, business, and social science. Depending on your option, the minor consists of three or four required courses and additional hours chosen from a set of electives. Not all courses are offered each semester or year.

You must declare this minor before or during your junior year. You may pursue only one Pre-professional sociology minor. A minimum overall g.p.a. of 2.50 is required. All courses for this minor (excluding field work) must be taken for a grade.

Option in law
All of these:
SOC 151 Social Relations (4) or
        SOC 152 Social Relations and U.S. Cultures (4)
SOC 201 Social Problems (4) or
        SOC 202 Social Deviance (4)
SOC 412 Sociology of Law (3)
At least seven semester hours from these: SOC 202, 348, 352, 372, 411, 454.

Option in medicine or dentistry
All of these:
SOC 151 Social Relations (4) or
        SOC 152 Social Relations and U.S. Cultures (4)
SOC 201 Social Problems (4)
SOC 357 Medical Sociology (3)
At least seven semester hours from these: SOC 221, 257, 258, 358, 361, 372.

Option in business
All of these:
SOC 151 Social Relations (4) or
        SOC 152 Social Relations and U.S. Cultures (4)
SOC 201 Social Problems (4)
SOC 417 Economy and Society (3) or
        SOC 454 Formal Organization (3)
At least seven semester hours from these: SOC 203, 257, 262, 348, 372, 411, 454.

Option in social science
All of these:
SOC 151 Social Relations (4) or
        SOC 152 Social Relations and U.S. Cultures (4)
SOC 201 Social Problems (4)
SOC 262 Research Methods (4)
SOC 482 Sociological Theory (4)
Any other course in sociology (2-4)

Spanish (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Spanish and Portuguese,
268 Irvin Hall (513-529-4500).

You must plan your program with your adviser in the department. Courses may not be taken credit/no-credit. This minor consists of Spanish courses above 202 level.

Program Requirements

All of these:
SPN 311 Grammar Review and Introductory Composition (3)
SPN 312 Introduction to Spanish Language/Linguistics (3) or
        SPN 315 Introduction to Hispanic Literature (3)

One of the following sequences:
SPN 351, 352 (3,3)
SPN 361, 362 (3,3)
SPN 381, 382 (3,3)

Two additional courses from any 300 level course, or SPN 420, 430, 440, or 481-484.

Statistical Methods (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Mathematics and Statistics, 123 Bachelor Hall (513-529-5818).

This minor builds on the statistical methods of estimation and hypothesis testing introduced in the introductory statistics course. It includes additional study of the statistical methods involved in regression analysis and experimental design as well as options for study of non-parametric, quality control, and/or sampling methods. A Capstone experience in statistics may also be included as part of the minor.

This minor is not available to students majoring in mathematics, statistics, or mathematics and statistics.

To complete the minor in statistical methods, you must earn at least 18 semester hours with at least a 2.00 g.p.a. Courses taken on a credit/no credit basis do not apply toward the minor.

Program Requirements

All of these:
MTH 151 or MTH 153 or MTH 249
STA 261 or STA 301 or STA 368
STA 363

Three courses from these:
STA 333, 365, 432, 475

Statistics (18 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Mathematics and Statistics, 123 Bachelor Hall (513-529-5818).

Statistical methods are increasingly in use in decision- making and data analysis in business and industry. Moreover, basic research in the biological, management, and social sciences, as well as in some areas of humanities, is also increasingly statistical in nature. As a result, demand for persons knowledgeable in the science of statistics is on the rise. The minor in Statistics provides a program in statistics suitable for students with good mathematical abilities.

This minor is not available to students majoring in either statistics or mathematics and statistics.

To complete the minor in Statistics, you must earn at least 18 semester hours with at least a 2.00 g.p.a. Courses taken on a credit/no credit basis do not apply toward the minor.

Program Requirements

All of these:
MTH 251 Calculus II (4)
STA 301, STA 401, STA 463, and STA 466

One of these:
STA 333, STA 365, STA 402, STA 432, STA 462, STA 467, STA 475, STA 483, or STA 484

Urban and Regional Analysis (20 semester hours)

For information contact the Department of Geography, 216 Shideler Hall (513-529-5010).

Urban and regional planners develop programs and policies to guide future growth and redevelopment of urban, suburban, and rural communities. They assist elected officials in solving the social, economic, and environmental problems of their communities.

This minor is not available to urban and regional planning majors. All courses must be taken for a grade, not credit/no-credit, except by permission of the primary adviser. Six courses, or at least 20 semester hours, are required. A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor.

Program Requirements

All of these:
GEO 101 Global Forces, Local Diversity (3)
GEO 201 Geography of Urban Diversity (3)
GEO 451 Urban and Regional Planning (3)
GEO 459 Advanced Urban and Regional Planning (3)

Two or three of these to bring the total to 20 hours:
GEO 241 Map Interpretation (3)
GEO 437 Regional Land Use Capability Analysis (3)
GEO 441 Geographic Information Systems (3)
GEO 442 Advanced GIS (3)
GEO 444 GIScience in Landscape Ecology (3)
GEO 447 Aerial Photo Interpretation (4)
GEO 448 Techniques and Applications of Remote Sensing (3)
GEO 454 Urban Geography (3)
GEO 455 Race, Urban Change, and Conflict in America (3)
GEO 457 Global Cities (3)
GEO 458 Cities of Difference (3)
GEO 462 Public Space (3)
GEO 464 Marketing Geography (3)
GEO 467 Land Use, Law and the State (3)
GEO 475 Global Periphery's Urbanization (3)
GEO 476 Global Poverty (3)
GEO 493 Urban Field Experience (3)
STA 261 Statistics (4)

Selected GEO 460 courses and other courses may be substituted with permission of your primary adviser.

Women's Studies (18 semester hours)

For information contact the director of the Women's Studies Program, 126 MacMillan Hall (513-529-4616).

This minor is an interdisciplinary program based on womanist/feminist theory and research. Courses focus on women as subjects of inquiry and critical research. This program responds to the absence of work by and about women in many courses; it provides a context in which women's work and issues are legitimate and important. In many courses the impact of gender and other social identities (e.g., race, ethnicity, sexual orientation) on individuals' experiences is explored.

This minor may be completed by any student. You are urged to choose your courses with an adviser. Women's Studies courses may fulfill other departmental, college, or Miami Plan requirements.

A minimum 2.00 g.p.a. is required for all courses in the minor. You may be able to receive credit for a practicum or internship in this area if you petition the advisory committee.

Program Requirements

One of these:
WMS 401 The Role of Women in a Transforming Society (3)
BWS/ WMS 370E Feminism and the Diaspora: U.S. Women of Color (3)

One of these:
WMS/ PHL 355 Feminist Theory (3)
WMS/ ENG 368 Feminist Literary Theory and Practice (3)
WMS/BWS 425 Black Feminist Theory (3)
WMS/ FRE 431 French Feminist Theory (3)
Feminist theory course approved by the Women's Studies Advisory Committee

Other courses:
WMS 201 Introduction to Women's Studies (3) is strongly recommended, particularly as a first course for students considering this minor.

Courses cross-listed with women's studies to be used for the remaining hours include: ARC 405O; ART 480W, 480X; CLS 235; COM 461; ENG 232, 233, 350B, 468; FST 350B; FSW 361; GEO 346; HST 250B, 381, 382, 383, 450; PHS 243, 475; POL 346, 347; PSY 311, 326; REL 334; SOC 203, 221, 272, 463; SOC/ FSW 451; and WMS 301, 370, 410.

Courses, not cross-listed with the Women's Studies Program, may be approved for this minor. Special topics courses offered by the program and selected honors seminars are offered most semesters. (See headnotes in the Course Planning Guide.)


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