The Family Educational Rights & Privacy Act (FERPA) is a 1974 federal law also known as the Buckley Amendment. Although FERPA contains exceptions for the release of "directory information" without a student's prior written consent, students have the right to request that even such directory information not be disclosed.
FERPA gives students the right to do the following:
Miami's FERPA Policy (The Student Handbook—Part 1 Chapter 12, PDF 1MB)
FERPA Tips for Parents (PDF 33KB)
FERPA for Faculty and Staff (PDF 78KB)
FERPA Release (All Records) (PDF 61KB)
FERPA Release (Student Reference Request) (PDF 82KB)
Disclosure of Information from Education Records to Parents (U.S. Department of Education)