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Paul Schaeffer

A male and female cardinal stand on the snowy ground
A male and female cardinal stand on the snowy ground

Biology Associate Professor

Research at the Bird Viewing Station (Bird-Blind)

We are studying seasonal changes in energy use of the Northern Cardinal. Cardinals live year-round in Ohio and must cope with extreme winter. In addition to needing more energy during the winter, we seek to understand whether these birds use torpor (a form of "overnight hibernation") to help survive.