Sexually Transmitted Infections or Diseases (STIs or STDs)

STIs can be transmitted through bodily fluids and skin to skin contact. Herpes and HPV (Human Papillomavirus), two of the most prevalent STIs in the US, are transmitted through skin contact (even when using birth control).

Viral STIs include Genital Warts (HPV), Hepatitis-B, Herpes, and HIV. Modern medicine can reduce/help relieve symptoms of viral STIs, but there is no cure for viral STIs.  

Bacterial STIs include Bacterial Vaginosis, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, and Public Lice, and can usually be treated with antibiotics, although damage or complications caused by the STI may not be undone. While antibiotics may rid bacterial STIs from a person’s body, they do not prevent someone from getting a future STI.


Some STIs show no symptoms for months or even years. Therefore, it is important to be tested and ask your partner about their past sexual partners and drug use. While abstinence is the only 100% way to protect yourself from STIs. If you decide to be sexually active, be sure to use latex condoms with a water-based lubricant and check the condom package for its expiration date and any possible damage.

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