ASL Interpreter helping a student and professor communicate in class
Professor presenting a slideshow to his class
Guest speaker, Ken Petry, speaks at a past Access MU symposium to a large audience
The varsity hockey team glides across the ice with members of the Best Buddies Choir

Standards

Laws and Regulations

As directed by Congress, all web content, interfaces, and navigation elements representing Miami University are required to be compliant with Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 AA Standards. Compliance is defined as providing effective communication and substantially equivalent ease of use for individuals with disabilities. To help meet this requirement, your web resource (page, site, media, or application) should be functionally accessible, rather than merely technically accessible. The overarching goal is to make your web resource easy to use and your content clear and unambiguous for all users, regardless of ability—the broad goal is functional accessibility. Regardless of disability, all content should be accessible in a manner that most closely reflects the original file experienced by someone who is not disabled.

To be functionally accessible, your web resource must consider use by people challenged with the following:

  • Severe or moderate visual impairment
  • Colorblindness
  • Deafness or hearing loss
  • Motor disabilities
  • Cognitive disabilities

List of Standards

Web Content Accessibility Guide (WCAG) 2.0 AA and Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA) WAI-ARIA 1.0: The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) are part of a series of web accessibility guidelines published by the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the main international standards organization for the Internet.  These standards apply to anyone designing web content such as websites, applications and content.

Authoring Tool Accessibility Guide (ATAG) 2.0: The Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines (ATAG) 2.0 provides guidelines for designing web content authoring tools that are both more accessible to authors with disabilities and designed to enable, support, and promote the production of more accessible web content by all authors.  This standard applies to web or other WYSIWYG style authoring or web content creation tools.

User Agent Accessibility Guide (UAAG) 1.0: User Agent Accessibility Guidelines (UAAG) provides guidelines for designing user agents that lower barriers to Web accessibility for people with disabilities (visual, hearing, physical, cognitive, and neurological). This standard applies to HTML browsers and other types of software that retrieve and render Web content.  

W3C's WCAG2ICT or Section 508-1194.21, 36 C.F.R. § 1194.21: These guidelines are intended to help clarify how to use WCAG 2.0 to make non-web documents and software more accessible to people with disabilities. WCAG 2.0 to Non-Web Information and Communications Technologies (WCAG2ICT) and its principles, guidelines, and success criteria applies to non-web Information and Communications Technologies (ICT), specifically to non-web documents and software.  

W3C's MathML 3.0: MathML is the mark-up language (ML) used in software and development tools for statistical, engineering, scientific, computational and academic expressions of math on the Web. The Mathematical Markup Language provides ways to describe in XML both the visual presentation of formulas (with mathematical symbols, built-up formulas and font styles) and their semantics (with reference to different domains of mathematics).  The standard applies to products, documents and web content incorporating digital mathematical and scientific notation.

DAISY Standard or the IDPF's EPUB 3: Digital Accessible Information SYstem (DAISY) and refers to an international standard for creating a variety of digital books that are a combination of synchronized text and audio such as digital publications and documents.  International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) EPUB, the term is short for electronic publication.  These standards apply to digital publications and documents.

BANA Guidelines: Braille Authority of North America (BANA) Standards for Tactile Graphics (2010) and Guidelines for the Production of Braille Materials through the Use of Braille Production Software (2007): Tactile graphics are essential components of Braille materials transcribed for use in educational and professional fields. These standards apply to any hard copy Braille files and Braille materials that require graphics to be tactile.

Other Resources