Mental Health

8 publications found.

Perceptions of mental illness in rural Nepal: Dimensions of stigma and their social origin

08/15/2016

The signs and symptoms of mental illness, especially serious mental illness, are universally associated with stigma and discriminatory behavior. For these reasons, it is crucial that we understand the complex structure of stigma and its possible origins so that effective public policy and anti-stigma programs can be designed. We use data from a sample of 365 households in a small village in Nepal to empirically determine the range of stigmatic reactions (dimensionality and attributions of...

  • Mental Health

A Study of Adult Guardianship in Ohio: Preliminary Results

02/22/2016

This research brief is a description of findings from interviews with key informants from the first phase of a study entitled: “Adult Guardianship in Ohio: Promising Practices.” These findings led to the development of a survey about adult guardianship practices in Ohio's probate courts. The report highlights the challenges courts face and strategies they use to effectively manage those challenges. Finally, we highlight some promising practices that the courts have put in place to meet the...

  • Aging and Developmental Disabilities
  • Legal/ Advocacy
  • Mental Health

Healthcare preferences of nursing home residents: Perceived barriers and situational dependencies

02/01/2016

While much research has examined end of life care preferences of nursing home (NH) residents, little work has examined resident preferences for everyday healthcare. The present study conducted interviews with 255 residents recruited from 35 NHs. Content analysis identified barriers (hindrances to the fulfillment of resident preferences) and situational dependencies (what would make residents change their mind about the importance of these preferences) associated with preferences for utilizing...

  • Care Management
  • Mental Health

Association of neuropsychiatric syndromes with global clinical deterioration in Alzheimer’s disease patients

12/17/2015

Data on the relationship between behavioral disturbances in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and global clinical deterioration is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to explore potential correlations of neuropsychiatric syndromes with global clinical deterioration in patients with AD, with particular consideration on severity levels of dementia. To analyze the association of neuropsychiatric syndromes with the Global Deterioration Scale (GDS), considering the total sample and patients...

  • Chronic Illness/ Disability
  • Mental Health

Agency and mental health: A transition to adulthood paradox

03/02/2015

This study utilizes nationally representative survey data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 13,592) to develop an empirical conception of the traditional treatment of health agency focused on two social psychological constructs of ‘‘subjective vitality’’ and a forward-looking orientation (‘‘optimism’’). Adolescents with higher health-based agency early in the transition to adulthood have significantly higher status attainment (occupational...

  • Mental Health
  • Research Methods

“It makes me feel like myself”: Person-centered versus traditional visual arts activities for people with dementia

07/21/2014

During February 2010 and April 2011, video data on people with dementia were collected during a person-centered and intergenerational arts activity program called Opening Minds through Art (OMA) at three different long-term care facilities in Ohio. A modified version of the Greater Cincinnati Chapter Well-Being Observation Tool was used to code the intensity and frequency of observed domains of well-being and ill-being. Paired-sample t-tests comparing OMA vs. traditional visual arts activities...

  • Arts and Aging
  • Chronic Illness/ Disability
  • Long-Term Care - Other
  • Mental Health

"Shall I compare thee to a dose of donepezil?": cultural arts interventions in dementia care research

06/07/2013

The cultural arts have gained attention for their potential to generate social and behavioral changes in people with dementia. Although individual cultural arts intervention studies have reported positive outcomes, most are excluded from systematic reviews because of methodological weakness. We reviewed findings from 27 systematic and integrative reviews of pharmacologic, psychosocial, and cultural arts interventions to identify promising outcomes as well as limitations in current approaches....

  • Arts and Aging
  • Mental Health

Analyzing state-based Silver Alert programs: the case of North Carolina

04/16/2013

Recent discussions about securing the autonomy and safety of older people in a cost-effective way have culminated in the establishment of "Silver Alert" media-alert policies in more than half of US states over the past 5 years. Despite a policy focus on older adults and individuals with cognitive impairment, activation of Silver Alerts in a county was not related to the proportion of the population 65 years of age or older or to the prevalence of poor mental health in the county. Additionally,...

  • Case Studies/ Qualitative Research
  • Mental Health