Workforce Issues

21 publications found.

Impact of social service staffing on nursing home quality and resident outcomes

03/14/2019

Social service staff play a key role in nursing homes and are responsible for providing psychosocial services to residents and their families. This brief report highlights findings from several studies that utilized national data to examine social service staffing trends in nursing homes and how staffing levels and the qualifications of staff within social service departments affect quality and resident outcomes.

  • Long-Term Care Facilities
  • Long-Term Care - Other
  • Workforce Issues

Is the quality of nursing homes countercyclical? Evidence from 2001 through 2015

12/07/2018

This study examines whether nursing homes (NHs) provide better quality when unemployment rates rise (countercyclical) and explores mechanisms contributing to the relationship between quality and unemployment rates.

  • Long-Term Care Facilities
  • Long-Term Care Policy and Financing
  • Workforce Issues

Workforce retention and wages in nursing homes: An analysis of managerial ownership

08/31/2018

Healthcare providers can be managed by salaried managers or owner-managers that have a significant equity stake in their facility. Using data on Ohio-based nursing homes from 2005 to 2015, this study examines whether salaried or owner-managed nursing homes have higher workforce retention and whether this is driven by differences in wage rates.

  • Business/Economics of Aging
  • Long-Term Care Facilities
  • Long-Term Care - Other
  • Workforce Issues

Cost-effective adjustments to nursing home staffing to improve quality

06/08/2018

This study holistically examines which type of nursing home staffing (nursing, social service, activities) yields better quality as measured by number of deficiencies and deficiency scores.

  • Business/Economics of Aging
  • Long-Term Care Facilities
  • Long-Term Care Policy and Financing
  • Long-Term Care - Other
  • Workforce Issues

The impact of nurse turnover on quality of care and mortality in nursing homes: Evidence from the great recession

05/02/2018

This paper uses a sample of California nursing homes to causally identify whether higher staff turnover leads to worse quality.

  • Long-Term Care Facilities
  • Long-Term Care - Other
  • Workforce Issues

An Examination of PIAAC Data for Unemployed Adults Aged 45-74

04/25/2018

This study used data from the 2014 Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) National Supplement to examine relationships among educational attainment, participation in adult education and training, skill proficiencies, health, and economic outcomes for U.S. adults ages 45-74 who are unemployed or not in the labor force.

  • Education
  • Workforce Issues

Who hires social workers? Structural and contextual determinants of social service staffing in nursing homes

01/25/2017

Although nurse staffing has been extensively studied within nursing homes (NHs), social services has received less attention. The study describes how social service departments are organized in NHs and examines the structural characteristics of NHs and other macro-focused contextual factors that explain differences in social service staffing patterns using longitudinal national data (Certification and Survey Provider Enhanced Reports, 2009–2012).

  • Long-Term Care Facilities
  • Workforce Issues

How does rurality influence the staffing of social service departments in nursing homes?

01/10/2017

This paper examines how social service departments in nursing homes are staffed by rurality.

  • Long-Term Care Facilities
  • Workforce Issues

Unpaid Caregivers: Growing Demand and Limited Supply

09/26/2016

Several recent studies indicate that the supply of informal caregivers is declining and this change in potential support could have major policy implications.

  • Demographics
  • Families/Caregiving
  • Long-Term Care Policy and Financing
  • Workforce Issues

Unemployment, reemployment, and health insurance status among older worker in the flexible labor market

07/04/2016

As employment becomes more precarious, and spells of displacement become more common across the labor market, many individuals are forced to make decisions about the speed at which they seek reemployment and the types of employment they will seek. Using repeated cross-sectional data from various years of the Displaced Worker Supplement of the Current Population Survey, we examine the degree to which employer-provided health insurance and organizational provision of advanced layoff warning helped...

  • Workforce Issues

Workforce Development in the United States: Facilitating Opportunities to Work at Older Ages

10/17/2015

Shifts in the age structure of the U.S. labor force, combined with the increased labor force participation rates (LFPRs) among older adults, require policies and programs that encourage and support employment at older ages. To further understand the enrollment, experiences, and outcomes for older workers enrolled in employment and training programs, the article analyzed data from the participants in the Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP), and the Program for the International...

  • Business/Economics of Aging
  • Education
  • Workforce Issues

Global Population Aging and Labor Force Implications: Working Longer, Learning Longer

10/12/2015

Countries around the world, both more and less developed, are experiencing shifts in age structure. Delaying retirement and increasing labor force participation at older ages could increase gross domestic product while also benefiting national wealth and public debt. We visually illustrate key indicators that demonstrate the implications of population aging and why continued work at older ages is important to the economic future for many countries.Public Policy & Aging Report, 25(4),...

  • Business/Economics of Aging
  • Education
  • Global Aging
  • Workforce Issues

Challenges for the Workforce Development of Older Workers in Brazil

09/15/2015

Alongside reforms to its social security system, it is argued that older workers in Brazil should be encouraged to remain longer in the labor force and postpone retirement while being productive. A lack of educational attainment is a major challenge for Brazil. The examination of workforce policies in Brazil reveals a fragmented system for workforce development without specific funding for older worker programs.Public Policy & Aging Report, 25(4), 136-138. doi:10.1093/ppar/prv019Publication...

  • Business/Economics of Aging
  • Education
  • Global Aging
  • Workforce Issues

Neighborhood Assistants Pilot: A Program Evaluation of Person-Centered Staffing

07/28/2015

The purpose of this study was to pilot test and evaluate an innovative staffing approach called the Neighborhood Assistant (NA) at the Francis E. Parker Memorial Home.  The goal of the program was to support the certified nursing assistants by empowering them to partner with the NA to regain person-centered moments with residents.  To evaluate the pilot testing of this program, a pre- and post-implementation evaluation was conducted that included employee observations, focus groups,...

  • Case Studies/ Qualitative Research
  • Long-Term Care Decision Making
  • Long-Term Care Facilities
  • Long-Term Care Policy and Financing
  • Workforce Issues

A global examination of policies and practices for lifelong learning

07/21/2015

Continuous learning over the life course is necessary to successfully compete in a knowledge-based global economy. While a wide range of individual and community factors play a role in whether older workers receive skills training and remain in the labor force, national policies and practices are also likely to have an influence. This nation-level study used OECD data to identify associations between participation in lifelong learning activities and outcomes such as labor force participation at...

  • Business/Economics of Aging
  • Education
  • Global Aging
  • Workforce Issues

Adult Education and Training Programs for Older Adults in the U.S.: National Results and Cross-National Comparisons Using PIAAC Data

02/18/2015

Skill upgrades over the lifecourse are increasingly important in a knowledged-based global economy. This study examined the relationship between participation in adult education programs and labor market outcomes for adults aged 45-65.Full Report (PDF) (1.557Mb)

  • Workforce Issues

The role of community colleges in career transitions for older workers

09/25/2014

An aging workforce, combined with the negative effects of the recent economic downturn, has increased the importance of identifying strategies to encourage working at older ages. The present study examined community college involvement in outreach and support programs for older displaced workers. This involved interviews with 27 key informants at 14 community colleges to gain an understanding of the role community colleges play in linking older students to credential or certificate programs....

  • Business/Economics of Aging
  • Education
  • Workforce Issues

Effective strategies for educating older workers at community colleges

10/25/2013

An aging workforce combined with concerns about the long-term viability of social welfare programs has increased the importance of identifying strategies to encourage working at older ages. The present study examined community college involvement in educational programs for older workers. This involved interviews and site visits at 14 community colleges to gain an understanding of the role community colleges play in linking older students to credential or certificate programs. Effective...

  • Education
  • Workforce Issues

Leveraging Resources between the Senior Community Service Employment Program and the Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program

06/28/2013

The project sought to determine the role the Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP) might play in supporting the Long-Term Care Ombudsman program in their expanded role in the HOME Choice transitions program. This report describes potential responsibilities of the SCSEP program participant and suggested training to carry out those duties. Full Report (PDF 1.8MB)

  • Home and Community Based Services
  • Long-Term Care - Other
  • Workforce Issues

Common Sense for Caring Organizations: Results from a Study of High-Performing Home Care Agencies and Nursing Homes

02/28/2013

While most daily care and assistance for Ohio’s older population is provided by family and friends, paid direct care workers such as nurses and home care aides provide much of the formal assistance in the daily lives of Ohio’s frail elders. These care workers are the lowest paid and least trained workers in Ohio’s long-term care workforce. A new study by Scripps Gerontology Center at Miami University identified the best practices and strategies for supporting direct care workers by...

  • Workforce Issues

Enhancing the SCSEP Network: Collaborations, Innovations, and Promising Practices

06/30/2011

Using a mixed methods approach, this study sought to identify innovative and promising practices in providing employment and training services to older workers. Given current economic and demographic realities, understanding the effectiveness of employment and training programs for older workers is crucial.Full Report (PDF 799KB)

  • Business/Economics of Aging
  • Workforce Issues