Installing and Loading Packages
How to Download and Install an R Package
- Packages menu (0:15)
- Installing a package (1:06)
- Loading a package (2:47)
- Checking what packages are already loaded (3:48)
- Total length (4:19)
There are three steps to implementing packages in R.
- Know the name of the package – sometimes, you will need to google what you are trying to do in order to get the name of the package
- Download the package – This can be accomplished in one of two ways:
- Option a) from within RStudio, click the Packages tab, then click Install, begin to type the name of the package in the middle box, and click install (note that leaving Install Dependences checked will download any additional packages needed to use all capabilities of the package you are currently downloading)
- Option b) from within the console window or from within a script, run
install.packages('package name'). Note: both the period in the function call and the quotation marks around the package name are necessary.
- Load, or install, the package – type and run
library(package name)from within your script window or as a line in the Console window. Note: quotation marks should NOT be used when calling the
Be aware that sometimes warning messages will be given in the command window when installing certain packages indicating that the package was built using an older version of R. Except in rare instances, these warnings can be ignored since "older" packages are usually still compatible with newer versions of R.